demographic transition


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demographic transition

a theory of demography which states that, as a nation industrializes, it goes through a series of populational changes, starting with a decline in infant and adult mortality and followed later by a reduction in birth rate. The time lag between the decline in deaths and births produces a rapid population growth in ‘developing’ nations. In ‘developed’ nations births and deaths become approximately equal, giving a stable population structure.
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Galor claims that the demographic transition enhanced labor productivity and the growth process via three channels: the decline in population growth reduced the dilution of the growing stocks of capital and infrastructure; the reduction in fertility rates permitted the reallocation of resources from the quantity of children toward their quality; and the decline in fertility rates affected the age distribution of the population.
From the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and the World Bank, and based on two studies that were part of this collaboration, this volume outlines the effects of projected demographic changes on the economic well-being of China's rural elderly over the next 20 years, taking into account the country's sharp demographic transition and the continued migration of young adults to cities and how the support of the elderly is likely to be an increasing burden.
Scholars frequently argue that Cuba has reached the final phase of demographic transition, in which the birth rate drops sharply in a well-educated population where working women comprise a significant share of the labor force, and the death rate rises slightly as a result of an older population.
Key words: demography, population, migration, birth rate, mortality, Alaska, Arctic, village, demographic transition, Arctic Observing Network
Mexico is in the midst of an unprecedented demographic transition that is changing the size and age structure of its population.
In a special section, Rethinking Urbanization in Rwanda: from Demographic Transition to Economic Transformation, the Update analyses the trends and forms of the countrys rapid pace of urbanisation to examine its contribution to economic development.
Even if the population growth slows, which can be seen in some parts, the demographic transition has a time lag, so it won't stop the population reaching 2.
He noted that the demographic and demographic transition accompanied by a change in life styles have 'led to significant changes in diets and dietary habits which are not conducive to good health.
He said that it was a high time to pay attention to demographic transition happening all over the globe and focus on emerging development challenges posed as changing demographics are not just as numbers; they are the key determinations of our socio-economics and development policies for future development spectrum of the nation.
Others address the individual and society, with articles on skin color and colorism and the development of transgender studies in sociology; demography, including the second demographic transition theory, and social structure, adversity, toxic stress, and intergenerational poverty; urban and rural community sociology, including race, crime, and justice, and competing approaches to gentrification and growing income inequality; and the social safety net after welfare reform in terms of household dynamics.
Keywords: Epidemiological transition, demographic transition, modernization, mortality data, Turkey
A number of African countries have entered or are in the process of entering this advanced phase of demographic transition.