dementia pugilistica


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boxer's dementia

dementia resulting from cumulative damage sustained over some years in boxing, with slowed thought, memory loss, dysarthria, and other movement disorders.

dementia pugilistica

(pyo͞o′jə-lĭs′tĭ-kə)
n.
A condition seen especially in boxers, caused by repeated cerebral concussions and characterized by weakness in the lower limbs, unsteadiness of gait, slowness of muscular movements, hand tremors, hesitancy of speech, and cognitive impairment.
Boxers’ encephalopathy refers to the constellation of major neuropsychologic defects in amateur and career boxers—affecting 10–20% of the latter group—and is the cumulative result of recurrent brain damage and progressive communicating hydrocephalus due to extrapyramidal and cerebellar lesions. Wechsler and Bender Gestalt testing reveals variable organic mental disease and impaired short-term memory, dysarthria, nystagmus, reasoning ability, and motor skills. Acute boxing injuries include cerebral oedema, ischemia, and temporal or uncal herniation

dementia pugilistica

Traumatic dementia, i.e., encephalopathy or an organic brain syndrome caused by closed head injury. It is sometimes referred to colloquially as “boxer's brain.”
See also: dementia
References in periodicals archive ?
Dementia pugilistica and cavum septi pellucidi: born to box?
Boxer Emile Griffith, who suffers from dementia pugilistica, says he has ``no love'' from his fight that ended Benny ``Kid'' Paret's life.
On June 11, he died at 55 of dementia pugilistica, just as Jerry did in 1999 at 53.
Jerry Quarry's death at age 63 and his years of suffering from dementia pugilistica should remind us of the tragic price paid by so many fighters, even the good ones.
Technically, he had dementia pugilistica, a disease that hovers ominously over boxing but hardly gets the attention it deserves.