dehalogenation

dehalogenation

(dē-hăl″ō-jĕ-nā′shŭn) [L. de, from, + Gr. hals, salt, + gennan, to produce]
The removal of halogens, such as bromine, chlorine, fluorine, or iodine from molecules. Halogenated organic compounds are important pollutants of rivers, streams, and marine environments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Biochemists and biologists from around the world offer 35 articles in various areas of biochemistry, such as protein misfolding diseases, amyloid proteins at the molecular level, the mechanisms and functions of spatial protein quality control, regulated protein degradation and the ubiquitin system and autophagy, ubiquitin ligases, mechanisms of deubiquitinase specificity and regulation, proteasomal and autophagic degradation systems, mechanisms of autophagy initiation, the systems biology of metabolism, metabolite measurement, isocitrate dehydrogenase and cancer therapeutics, tools for patchy switching in biology, the biochemistry of reductive dehalogenation, electric fields and enzyme catalysis, the eukaryotic DNA replication fork, and the telomerase mechanism of telomere synthesis.
Anaerobic dehalogenation of halogenated organic compounds: Novel strategies for bioremediation of contaminated sediments of contaminated sediments of contaminated sediments of contaminated sediments.
Glutathione is the reducing agent for the reductive dehalogenation of tetrachloro-p-hydroquinone by extracts from a Flavobacterium sp.
Various authors have reported HPTC and related chlorinated pesticides degradation by dehydrohalogenation and dehalogenation mechanism [23 31].
Patent 8,647,824 (February 11, 2014), "Microbial Reductive Dehalogenation of Vinyl Chloride," Alfred M.
Su (2013), "Pyrolysis and Dehalogenation of Plastics from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE): A Review," Waste Management 33(2): 462-73.
2-haloacrylate hydratase, a new class of flavoenzyme that catalyzes the addition of water to the substrate for dehalogenation.
These reactions and complex compounds can be employed in a very wide range of applications such as alkylation, isomerization, hydrocraking, polymerization, dimerization, oligomerization, acylation, acetylation, metathesis, copolymerization, hydroformylation, dehalogenation etc [11-15].
A negligible fraction could undergo dehalogenation in the Phase I stage of the metabolism pathway to form unknown metabolites.
Dehalogenation of organic halogen compound by electrolytic reduction in ionic liquid.
Some of this year application focused researches are centered on revising the robustness and structural details of a microwave prepared organic framework [40], the enhancement of the dehalogenation reaction of a chloride [41] and the preparation of pentosidine and other Advanced Glycation End products (AGEs) [42].
Since it was easy to prepare dihalo compounds, regioselective dehalogenation was attempted.