defense


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Related to defense: Department of Defense, Defense mechanisms

defense

 [de-fens´]
behavior directed to protection of the individual from injury.
character defense any character trait, e.g., a mannerism, attitude, or affectation, which serves as a defense mechanism.
insanity defense a legal concept that a person cannot be convicted of a crime if he lacked criminal responsibility by reason of insanity at the time of commission of the crime.
defense mechanism in psychology, an unconscious mental process or coping pattern that lessens the anxiety associated with a situation or internal conflict and protects the person from mental discomfort. In the theory of psychoanalysis, the ego, following the reality principle, conforms to the demands of the outside world, but the id (repressed unconscious), following the pleasure principle, pursues immediate gratification of desires and reduction of psychic tension. The superego (conscience or morality) may take either side. Defense mechanisms develop in order to control impulses or feelings that lead to inner conflicts, to reach compromises between conflicting impulses, and to reduce inner tensions. They help to manage or avoid anxiety, aggression, hostility, resentment, and frustration. Defense mechanisms are not pathological in themselves; they can be a means of dealing with unbearable situations. Among the most common defense mechanisms are denial, displacement, identification, projection, rationalization, reaction-formation, repression, and sublimation.
defense reaction a mental reaction that shuts out from consciousness ideas not acceptable to the ego. See also defense mechanism.

de·fense

(dē-fents'),
The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety, for example, rationalization, projection.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

defense

/de·fense/ (de-fens´) behavior directed to protection of the individual from injury.
character defense  any character trait, e.g., a mannerism, attitude, or affectation, which serves as a defense mechanism.
insanity defense  a legal concept that a person cannot be convicted of a crime if he lacked criminal responsibility by reason of insanity at the time of commission of the crime.

defense

[də·fens′]
Etymology: L, defendere, to ward off
the practice of, or measures taken to ensure, self-protection.
Forensic psychology See Character Defence, Denim Defense, Insanity Defence
Immunology A mechanism by which an organism protects itself from foreign antigens and pathogens
Malpractice Any legal argument offered by a defendant that would either preclude or mitigate recovery of damages for a wrong allegedly committed by the defendant
Microbiology See Antibiotic resistance
Psychology A mechanism by which a person minimises harm to his/her psyche or by which one controls anxiety

defense

Medical malpractice Any legal argument offered by a defendant that would either preclude or mitigate recovery of damages for a wrong allegedly committed by a defendant. See Affirmative defense, Black rage defense, Character defense, Insanity defense Psychology A mechanism by which a person minimizes harm to his/her psyche or to control anxiety. See Defense mechanism.

de·fense

(dĕ-fens')
1. The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety, e.g., rationalization, projection.
2. Any protective posture, drug, or device.
Synonym(s): defence.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

de·fense

(dĕ-fens')
1. The psychological mechanisms used to control anxiety.
2. Any protective posture, drug, or device.
Synonym(s): defence.
[L. defendo, to ward off]

defense,

n the reasons, in law or fact, offered by the defendant in a legal proceeding as to why the plaintiff should not prevail.
defense cell,
defense mechanism,
n an unconscious, intrapsychic reaction that offers protection to the self from threatening or stressful situations. Defense mechanisms may be useful to diminish anxiety and facilitate coping behaviors, or may be harmful because of denying, displacing, isolating, or repressing anxiety and preventing useful coping responses.

defense

1. against infection, including hematological and immunological systems.
2. behavior directed to protection of the individual from injury.

defense mechanisms
means by which the host repels invading organisms; externally, these include the barrier provided by the skin and epithelial lining of the gastrointestinal, genitourinary and respiratory tracts, together with their secretions and normal microflora, and internally, phagocytic cells, humoral and cellular immunity.
defense reaction
the physiological reaction to emotional stress, particularly fear, includes tachycardia, increased cardiac output, vasodilation in skeletal muscle, elevation of blood pressure. Behavioral responses include alerting and aggressive behavior.

Patient discussion about defense

Q. How have people coped with dealing with depression? I have bi-polar II mixed disorder and I have been a candidate for no medication. I haven't taken medication for the last 3 years. I've recently been struggling with alleviating my depression.

A. The book is called An Unquiet Mind.
Nicholas, talk to your friends and family, tell them what goes on in your head during episodes, tell them what your journey has been like with this illness. Give them an opportunity to ask questions, teach them what your triggers are. Teach them what you want them to do when you are experiencing a mania or a depression. You are your own best tool when teaching the ones you love about this illness.
Good luck, I am sure if you open up and talk to them about it they will listen and learn, you will make them better people for it.

More discussions about defense
References in periodicals archive ?
It can be modified from a 100% full-court press, backed up to a "three-quarter" press and even back to a half-court defense.
In general, when an insurance company retains defense counsel to represent a policyholder pursuant to the insurer's duty to defend, defense counsel's primary allegiance is to the insured.
But four Super Bowls since the 1971 NFL-AFL merger have featured the best offense and defense in terms of points scored and given up.
Since the early 1990s, SGI supercomputer and graphics systems have provided critical compute and visualization capabilities for many Missile Defense Agency programs, which must address the three phases of a missile's trajectory to engage threat targets in the boost, midcourse and terminal phases of flight," said Tony Celeste, national director of defense business, SGI Federal.
Suddenly national defense is a pressing urgency, and momentum is growing to scrap the ABM Treaty and other treasonous agreements with the former Soviet Union.
General Electric released a report that concluded--in a phrase missile defense proponents soon would have become accustomed to--"that such a defense was beyond the scope of contemporary technology.
Defense Secretary William Cohen announced that the Administration would spend $6.
The eight students attending this class consisted of senior military and civilian leaders of the RO MoND involved in the oversight, integration and management of the security cooperation and defense sales processes for Romania.
Traditional explanations for the consolidation of the defense industry based on decreased defense spending are not consistent with a long-term view of the industry.
The current defense budget calls for spending of $268 billion in 1998, just about half of the federal government's total discretionary spending.

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