When van Grevenhof et al  compared the joint health of pigs reared in different housing systems, a partially slatted concrete floor or a deep litter
floor with extra space allowance, they found that the conventionally reared pigs were more affected by Osteochondrosis than the pigs reared in the deep litter
Under this scheme, 0 stands for organic eggs, 1 for free range, 2 for barn or deep litter
, and 3 for eggs from battery chickens.
2001) assessed housing conditions of 63 hen houses using this index system and concluded that farms with both, a covered run and free-range system scored maximum points followed by free-range system, aviaries and deep litter
Some also switch to a deep litter
method of chicken waste management during the winter.
Swine manure in deep litter
form, is more efficient than slurry or urea in promotion of soil microbiota and carbon storage.
soil, fruits, grains, poultry Deep Litter
, milk and milk products collected from local market and farmers field (Dharwad, Karnataka) by using Mann Rogosa Sharpe Agar (MRS) medium.
The highest relative humidity values were measured in deep litter
type buildings (max.
They were heard but could not be seen in the deep litter
They were heard as they could not be seen in the deep litter
The coops are built on the ground (one is elevated on some blocks), and we use the deep litter
method of regularly adding straw to the ground, and then removing it all annually, which we then compost.
Each block contained one plot each with the following treatments: deep litter
(20 cm), intermediate litter (10 cm), shallow litter (5 cm), no leaf litter with cage in place, and an ambient control with no cage and no litter manipulation.
It has also been observed that comparatively higher mortality rate in deep litter
and pasture rearing system are due to greater incidence of viral bacterial and parasitic infections in those birds compared with the cage system.