deep brain stimulation


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stimulation

 [stim″u-la´shun]
the act or process of stimulating; the condition of being stimulated; see also promotion and enhancement.
cognitive stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as promotion of awareness and comprehension of surroundings by utilization of planned stimuli.
cutaneous stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues for the purpose of decreasing undesirable signs and symptoms such as pain, muscle spasm, or inflammation.
deep brain stimulation (DBS) patient-controlled, continuous, high-frequency electrical stimulation of a specific area of the brain by means of an implanted electrode, which is controlled by a battery implanted just below the clavicle. The electrical signals block those signals from the brain causing tremors and some other related problems such as occur in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia.
stimulation/nurturance in the omaha system, activities that promote healthy physical and emotional development.
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (transcutaneous neural stimulation) see transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

deep brain stimulation

functional neurosurgery in which stimulating electrodes are placed in the basal ganglia for management of movement disorders, including Parkinson disease, dystonia, and tremor.

deep brain stimulation (DBS)

patient-controlled, continuous, high-frequency electrical stimulation of a specific area of the brain by means of an implanted electrode, which is controlled by a battery implanted just below the clavicle. The electrical signals block those signals from the brain causing tremors and some other related problems, such as occur in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia.

deep brain stimulation

Neurostimulation therapy for managing essential tremors and tremors of Parkinson's disease, which delivers impulses via an implanted electrical lead (the Activa system) that blocks or overrides tremor signals from the brain.

deep brain stimulation

Alternating current stimulation at a frequency of 130 to 185 Hz by way of electrodes stereotaxically placed deeply in various parts of the brain. The electrodes are connected to an implanted neurostimulator. The treatment has been found useful in severe refractory depression, severe tremor in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, primary dystonia and cluster headaches in which more conventional treatment has failed and the risks are considered wthically justified.
References in periodicals archive ?
This market research report by Transparency Market Research also goes on to discuss the geographical segmentation of the deep brain stimulation devices market.
UMass Memorial is the first hospital in New England to offer a frameless deep brain stimulation procedure, in which positions on the patient's head are marked for surgery, and the patient is placed in a collar that opens in the front.
The Libra Deep Brain Stimulation System, which is being evaluated in this study, delivers mild electrical pulses from a device implanted near the collarbone and connected to small electrical leads placed at specific targets in the brain.
Deep Brain Stimulation involves surgically implanting two devices which work in a way similar to a cardiac pace- maker.
Any patient whose quality of life is compromised should consult an expert about deep brain stimulation.
The neuromodulation devices market includes deep brain stimulation, spinal cord stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, sacral nerve stimulation and others external stimulation devices such as transcranial magnetic stimulation, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).
But both methods are invasive, risking bleeding and infection and with deep brain stimulation patients must carry a battery around for the rest of their life.
Most often, deep brain stimulation is administered with a voltage-controlled device with variable current.
Deep brain stimulation is a treatment often recommended for patients who no longer respond well to Parkinson's medication alone.
Deep brain stimulation may have potential for treating geriatric psychiatric disorders, particularly treatment-resistant depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
NewsScan #61 examines research studies that relate to brain changes in cocaine addicts, how antibiotics improve efficacy of morphine and reduces reward response, a new method to test open-enrollment interventions and how middle school interventions affect non-medical use of prescription drugs as well as how stress hormone levels are altered in maltreated foster children, deep brain stimulation decreases cocaine seeking in rats, immune system proteins interfere with pain killing effects of opioids and functional embryonic stem cells isolated in rats.
For general readers, patients, and practitioners, Talan recounts the evolution of deep brain stimulation from an experimental treatment to a common surgical option.