While doing so, they find that Social Security wealth dominates for at least the bottom lifetime-income decile
, arguably the bottom three deciles
, of retirees.
Again, the most significant movement occurred between ACR and PPR and for pneumonia cases in the highest decile
totals are remarkably similar across the entire income distribution with the heavy targeting of Medicaid to the young in the lower three income deciles
and the targeting of Medicare primarily to non-working older persons living in the bottom half of the income distribution offsetting the smaller access to employer-provided health insurance for working-age persons in these deciles
With respect to income growth, Cleveland and Detroit are again similar; both saw the steepest drops in income in the middle deciles
With regards to households, they were disaggregated according to their per capita income and divided into ten separate income deciles
(See Figure 3).
Second, column 3 reports the lower decile
pension replacement ratio calculated from Equation (11), with a constant annuity rate.
In the multivariate analysis, the relationship between income and weight control strategies revealed a trend toward lower odds of using weight control strategies with low income: decile
1 had 25% lower odds of using weight control strategies, deciles
2 and 3 had about 18% lower odds, and deciles
4 to 7 had 6-11% lower odds.
026] and with raised ALT in logistic regression models [with a steady increase in the odds ratio (OR) estimates across deciles
of PFOA and PFOS; PFOA: OR = 1.
The data for the decile
returns and Treasury bill rates are from Kenneth French's website.
is the decile
weight, [MATHEMATICAL EXPRESSION NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] is the baseline result in decile
k, and [D.
Companies in the top quartile of employee engagement exceeded their competition by 28% in EPS, and those in the top decile
exceeded their competition by 72%.
All the households from the poorest decile
and 99% from the second poorest decile