decarboxylase


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Related to decarboxylase: Ornithine decarboxylase, histidine decarboxylase, Lysine decarboxylase, Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase

decarboxylase

 [de″kahr-bok´sĭ-lās]
any of the lyase class of enzymes that catalyze the removal of a carbon dioxide molecule from a compound.

de·car·box·yl·ase

(dē'kar-bok'sil-ās),
Any enzyme that removes a molecule of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic group (for example, from an α-amino acid, converting it into an amine).

decarboxylase

/de·car·box·y·lase/ (de″kahr-bok´sĭ-lās) any enzyme of the lyase class that catalyzes the removal of a carbon dioxide molecule from carboxylic acids.

de·car·box·yl·ase

(dē'kahr-bok'sil-ās)
Any enzyme (EC subclass 4.1.1) that removes a molecule of carbon dioxide from a carboxylic group.

decarboxylase

any of the lyase class of enzymes that catalyze the removal of a carbon dioxide molecule from a compound.

decarboxylase test
tests for the identification of bacteria, based on the production of ammonia from lysine, ornithine or arginine. In a positive result, the alkaline product is indicated by bromocresol purple.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following ICA and IAA, autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) were next discovered.
Inhibition of gamma-aminobutyric acid synthesis by glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies in stiff-man syndrome.
Mice lacking the 65 kDa iso-form of glutamic acid decarboxylase ([GAD.
In the meantime, pyridoxal-5-phosphate (vitamin B6 or pyridoxin) is needed as a coenzyme for the activities of various enzymes necessary for the conversion of cystine into taurine such as cysteine dioxygenase (CD), cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase (CSAD), etc.
dysenteriae type 1 1-Motility, 2-Oxidase production, 3-Indole production, 4-Methyl Red Test, 5-Vogues Proskauer Test, 6-Citrate production, 7-Urease production, 8-Pb (TSI), 9-Gas Production (TSI), 10-Glucose fermentation, 11-Lactose/sucrose fermentation, 12-Arginine hydrolysis, 13-Ornithine decarboxylase, 14-Lysine decarboxylase, 15-Gluconate, 16-Malonate, Acid Production: 17-Dulcitol, 18-Arabinose, 19-Mannitol, 20-Trehalose, 21-Sorbitol, 22-Raffinose, 23-Rhamnose, 24-Maltose, 25-Xylose.
GABA is synthesized in a reaction catalyzed by the calmodulin modulated enzyme glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) that is activated, in part, by stress-induced increases in [Ca.
Other molecules, such as the enzyme glutamic acid decarboxylase, may also play pivotal roles in this process, and any of these could become targets for new drugs.
Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco) were developed expressing protease inhibitors from Manduca sexta or the enzyme tryptophan decarboxylase from Catharanthus roseus (periwinkle).
I WOULD like to hear from any women who have had an adverse reaction during or after fertility treatment, in particular hormoneinducing injections, and from medical persons who suspect that, in some cases, such drugs might be responsible or contribute to triggering the Islet cell auto-immune antibodies, which lead to diabetes Type 1 in susceptible individuals, especially those who test positive to Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase abs (GADs).
The diseases identified to date include: tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency (TH deficiency); aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase deficiency (ALADD or AADC); GTP-1 cyclohydrolase deficiency (dopa-responsive dystonia); dihydropteridine reductase deficiency (DHPR); and succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency (SSADH).