is a key component of simulation and its importance is well documented in the literature (Cantrell, 2008; Fanning & Gaba, 2007; Neill & Wotton, 2011; Shinnick, Woo, Horwich, & Steadman, 2011).
2) A week or two later the EAP could offer voluntary groups, similar to Critical Incident Debriefings
, to allow participants to talk about the impact of the situation on them personally and obtain more information.
These key points need to be considered with caution, since most studies did not isolate the debriefing
from the simulation experience, which makes it difficult to conclude a direct relation between results and the debriefing
Small et al (2000) carried out a randomised, controlled trial (RCT) into the effectiveness of a midwife-led debriefing
session, during the postpartum hospital stay, in the reduction of the prevalence of maternal depression at six months postpartum among women giving birth by caesarean section, forceps or vacuum extraction.
The cases that need debriefing
often are identified during the consultation process by the ethics consultant, the team member who has requested the consultation, or the clinical managers.
The ability of the trainers to avoid this situation or to manage it in a manner that is going to be productive to the goals of teamwork and communication will be much greater if they have had an opportunity to train and practice their debriefing
Each NT participated in one audiotaped debriefing
with the supervisor within a traditional observation-based structure--that is, the supervisor observed a 30-45 minute lesson planned and implemented by the NT, then a debriefing
was conducted following the lesson segment based primarily upon notes taken by the supervisor and recollections made by the NT.
As with immediate debriefing
, though, there appears to be little evidence in favor of early pharmacologic intervention.
Noticing the time, I remind myself that I must get the debriefing
notes to the fire marshal and dash off for the fire station.
Over time, the debriefing
process was extended to civilians.
refers to the method in which the teacher guides students in making the connection between the activity and the learning experience.
Workshops use key interventions, such as individual crisis intervention, small-group critical incident stress debriefing
, family support, education, chaplain/pastoral services, referrals, and follow-up care.