de Quervain's thyroiditis


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de Quervain's thyroiditis

Etymology: Fritz de Quervain; Gk, thyreos, shield, itis, inflammation
an acute inflammatory condition of the thyroid characterized by swelling and tenderness of the gland; low-grade fever; dysphagia; fatigue; and severe pain in the neck, ears, and jaw. The disorder often occurs after a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. It tends to remit spontaneously and to recur several times. The diagnosis may be made by a radiological scan showing depressed uptake of radioactive iodine in involved areas. Occasionally a fine-needle biopsy of the thyroid is performed. Treatment may include antiinflammatory medication, such as aspirin or NSAIDs, if the condition continues for more than a few days. Corticosteroids are prescribed for prolonged or severe cases. Also called giant cell thyroiditis, granulomatous thyroiditis, subacute thyroiditis.

de Quervain's thyroiditis

A condition featuring painful enlargement of the thyroid gland with suppression of thyroid hormone production. It is probably due to a virus infection and spontaneous recovery is usual. It ia also called subacute thyroiditis. (Fritz de Quervain, 1868–1940, Swiss surgeon).
References in periodicals archive ?
When biopsy or fine-needle aspiration is performed, Hashimoto's disease is histologically distinct, with focal lymphocytic infiltration in contrast to the intrafollicular giant cells seen in de Quervain's thyroiditis.
This entity which is known by many names, including de Quervain's thyroiditis, painful thyroiditis, giant cell thyroiditis, and granulomatous thyroiditis, is caused by a viral infection of the thyroid and often appears after an upper respiratory tract infection.