date rape


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rape

 [rāp]
sexual assault or abuse; sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal penetration) against the will and without the consent of the individual. The crime of rape continues to occur at an alarming rate. Many cases are not reported by victims because of feelings of shame, guilt, embarrassment, or fear. Most rape victims are girls or women, although rape or sexual assault can also occur between men (homosexual rape). 

Immediately after the crime of rape has occurred, victims should be calmed as much as possible and assured that they are safe. Any bleeding wounds, fractures, or other existing injuries should be treated. They should be encouraged to obtain treatment as soon as possible and not to change clothes, bathe, douche, or urinate because that could destroy legal evidence needed to arrest and convict the attacker.

Rape is a physical and psychological emergency, and the victim must be treated with compassion as well as professional competence. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has provided guidelines for the physical care of a rape victim, identifying a twofold purpose for the physical examination: (1) to protect the victim against disease, pregnancy, and psychological trauma, and (2) to aid in the collection of legal evidence that could be used later in court.

Many hospitals have on call a rape counselor who can stay with the victim through emergency treatment and provide guidance and referral to a follow-up program of care. Recovery from rape is a difficult task. Some victims may appear to return to normal rather quickly, when in fact they are using temporary psychological mechanisms such as denial, suppression, and rationalization. Crisis intervention through all phases of the recovery period is a necessary component of the total care of a rape victim. The main purposes of follow-up are to keep channels of communication open to victims, assess their coping skills, to offer support and encouragement in efforts to resume life, and to provide assistance and referral if necessary. Rape is a crime of violence in which the sexual act is secondary to the brutality of the attack.

The American College of Emergency Physicians has published a consensus document called Evaluation and Management of the Sexually Assaulted or Abused Patient. It is available from ACEP Sales and Service, P.O. Box 619911, Dallas TX 75261-9911 or on their web site at http://www.acep.org. They can also be reached by telephone at 1-800-798-1822, ext. 6. A review of informative materials for women who have been raped or sexually assaulted, and practice guidelines for care, is available from the National Violence Against Women Prevention Research Center, whose web site is http://www.vawprevention.org.
acquaintance rape (date rape) rape by someone known to the victim.
rape-trauma syndrome
1. a group of symptoms caused by, or that are responses to, rape.
2. a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a sustained maladaptative response to a forced, violent sexual penetration against the victim's will and consent. It includes an acute phase of disorganization of the victim's lifestyle, followed by a long-term phase of reorganization of lifestyle. Characteristics in the acute phase may include emotional reactions such as anger, humiliation, revenge, and self-blame, and multiple physical symptoms. In the long-term phase the victim must cope with changes in lifestyle that could include moving to another residence, changing telephone number, dealing with recurrent nightmares and phobias, and seeking support from individuals and groups.



There may also be either a compound reaction or a silent reaction. The nursing diagnosis rape trauma syndrome: compound reaction is identified as an acute stress reaction to a rape or attempted rape, experienced along with other major stressors that can include reactivation of symptoms of a previous condition. The victim suffers from the emotional and physiological manifestations listed above and may also resort to reliance on drugs or alcohol and experience reactivated symptoms of preexisting physical or psychiatric illnesses. The nursing diagnosis rape trauma syndrome: silent reaction is identified as a complex stress reaction to a rape in which an individual is unable to describe or discuss the rape. Characteristics can include sudden changes in relationships with men and in sexual behavior, increasing anxiety during interview, silence about the rape incident, and sudden onset of phobic reactions.
A type of rape, an event that affects 20% of adolescent girls, peaking at age 16–19. Date rape is the end-point of sexual play in which the woman may have initially been an active participant, but which advances to forced nonconsensual coitus

date rape

Nonconsensual, unsolicited, and unwelcome sexual relations between individuals who are currently or were previously romantically involved or sexually intimate.
See also: rape
References in periodicals archive ?
The date rape prevention product has been displayed on the NBC today show, November 2012 topic of Cosmopolitan magazine in the Toronto Star.
According to the report, almost two per cent of female students in Nicosia aged between 18 and 24 have suffered date rape.
Officers are investigating the allegations of date rape where drugs are slipped into a drink leaving a woman feeling semi-conscious.
Jenni, 29, who plays club owner Heather Bellshaw, will highlight the rise in the crime by portraying a victim at the first Scottish conference on date rape drugs on Friday.
WOMEN'S groups are terrified that the Government's smoking ban could lead to an explosion in the number of date rapes.
The oldest date rape drug around is alcohol," Barnett said.
The qualititative analysis identified several key themes that characterized womens' and men' perceptions of date rape including the issues of consent, use of force, the sex acts that constitute date rape, and the context in which they occur.
Along with the personal narratives of a number of date rape survivors - as well as a chapter by a young man who committed a date rape - the book examines how American culture builds and reinforces behavior that can lead to rape and exposes damaging myths perpetuated by the media and society concerning how women and men relate to each other.
That date rape doesn't exist, that's a bunch of fucking bullshit, I totally don't agree with her.
FOR ALL THE TALK OF ANTI-FEMENIST backlash, the truth is that, in the '80s and early '90s, the radical feminist party line on date rape and sexual harassment was virtually unchallenged in the media.
Rape reform laws that limit questions about past sexual history at trial, coupled with media coverage of date rape and acquaintance rape, may have helped to weaken the stigma experienced by victims, Bachman contends in the September CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND BEHAVIOR.
Rosenzweig, who's been called "The Man Behind the Women's Movement," used this pioneering TV show about two female New York City police detectives to explore a range of women's issues, from breast cancer to date rape and spousal abuse, that had never appeared on TV before.