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diet

 [di´et]
1. the customary amount and kind of food and drink taken by a person from day to day.
2. more narrowly, a regimen of food intake planned to meet specific requirements of the individual, including or excluding certain foods. See also nutrition.
acid-ash diet a special diet prescribed to increase the acidity of the urine so that alkaline salts will remain in solution. The diet may be given to aid in the elimination of fluid in certain kinds of edema, in the treatment of some types of urinary tract infection, and to inhibit the formation of alkaline urinary calculi. Meat, fish, eggs, and cereals are emphasized, with little fruit and vegetables and no milk or cheese.
alkali-ash diet a therapeutic diet prescribed to increase the alkalinity of the urine and dissolve uric acid and cystine urinary calculi. This type of diet changes the urinary pH so that certain salts are kept in solution and excreted in the urine. Emphasis is placed on fruits, vegetables, and milk. Meat, eggs, bread, and cereals are restricted.
bland diet one that is free from any irritating or stimulating foods.
DASH diet (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure.
elemental diet one consisting of a well-balanced, residue-free mixture of all essential and nonessential amino acids combined with simple sugars, electrolytes, trace elements, and vitamins.
elimination diet one for diagnosis of food allergy, based on omission of foods that might cause symptoms in the patient.
Feingold diet a controversial diet for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, which excludes artificial colorings and flavorings, preservatives, and salicylates. The national institutes of health consensus statement, Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, notes that exclusion diets like this are an area warranting additional research.
gluten-free diet see gluten-free diet.
high calorie diet one that furnishes more calories than needed to maintain weight, often more than 3500–4000 calories per day.
high fat diet one that furnishes more than 35 per cent of its total calories from fats; see also ketogenic diet.
high fiber diet one high in dietary fiber (typically more than 24 g daily), which decreases bowel transit time and relieves constipation.
high protein diet one containing large amounts of protein, consisting largely of meats, fish, milk, legumes, and nuts.
ketogenic diet one that produces ketones or acetones, or mild acidosis, such as one that is low in calories with insufficient carbohydrate and protein; it is occasionally used in the treatment of epilepsy. See also low fat diet.
liquid diet see liquid diet.
low calorie diet one containing fewer calories than needed to maintain weight, e.g., less than 1200 calories per day for an adult.
low fat diet one containing limited amounts of fat.
low fiber diet low residue diet.
low purine diet one for mitigation of gout, omitting meat, fowl, and fish and substituting milk, eggs, cheese, and vegetable protein.
low residue diet one with a minimum of cellulose and fiber and restriction of connective tissue found in certain cuts of meat. It is prescribed for irritations of the intestinal tract, after surgery of the large intestine, in partial intestinal obstruction, or when limited bowel movements are desirable, as in colostomy patients. Called also low fiber diet and minimal residue diet.
low tyramine diet a special diet required by patients receiving MAO inhibitors. Foods containing tyramine include aged cheeses, red wine, beer, cream, chocolate, and yeast.
minimal residue diet low residue diet.
protein-sparing diet one consisting only of liquid protein or liquid mixtures of proteins, vitamins, and minerals, containing no more than 600 calories; it is designed to maintain a favorable nitrogen balance. Such diets have been used in weight loss programs, but are used only rarely now, usually only in inpatient settings.
purine-free diet low purine diet.
vegan diet the diet of a vegan; see also veganism.
vegetarian diet see vegetarian diet.

DASH

(dăsh)
n.
Dietary approaches to stop hypertension; a diet for lowering high blood pressure, emphasizing the consumption of foods low in saturated fats, trans fats, and sodium and high in fiber and protein, especially fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products.

Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet

a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products; low in saturated and total fats; low in cholesterol; and high in fiber. Research studies support the hypothesis that this diet reduces blood pressure and may play a role in prevention of high blood pressure.
References in periodicals archive ?
The former B&H Masters winner then dashed off to play for Pensarn in the Carmarthen League last night.
noticed Moore's appointment at DZ, he dashed off a sweet "congratulations to `our Donna'" letter--even though she hadn't worked there for a decade.
The former works are like throwaways, dashed off in a series of gestures and strokes that emphasize the idea of process as an immediate rather than an attenuated activity.
He dashed off this protest to Roosevelt--and then, doubtless with a sigh, went back and carefully deleted it from his message.
Border terrier Henry dashed off from owner Beverley Leonard during a morning walk near their home and vanished.
Not a single word to the audience, less than two hours on stage, and Brown-Eyed Girl, his best known number, dashed off with all the energy of Rip Van Winkle.
The 27-year-old was praised earlier this month, when she dashed off to put out a fire at an apartment block while topless.
The play is ``The Book of Liz,'' a cheerfully ribald but not particularly gutsy bit of fun that the Sedaris siblings - who rather immodestly bill themselves as The Talent Family - could have dashed off in a single booze-soaked weekend.
Brown explained: ``It dashed off with the bait and almost pulled me into the water; it was very exciting and took me more than 20 minutes to bring in.
Mick Channon's grey gave Catlin his third win in four days on his sole mount before he dashed off to ride at Doncaster's evening meeting, though the success came at a price in the shape of a
FOUR-YEAR-OLD Thomas Flower dashed off this picture with his felt tips - and won himself pounds 20 worth of goodies.
Quinn, sporting a natty tartan jerkin, dashed off to catch his plane South clutching a bottle of sponsors' Lang's whisky.