daboia


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daboia

[dəboi′ə]
Etymology: Hind, dabna, to lurk
a local name for Russell's viper, a large, very poisonous snake indigenous to India and Southeast Asia. Its venom is used in some laboratories to test the coagulation pathway.

daboia

, daboya (dă-boy′ă) [Hindi daboyā, lurker]
A genus of large, venomous snakes that includes Russell's viper of India, Burma, and Thailand. Its venom is used to enhance the action of certain blood coagulation factors.

Russell,

Patrick, Irish physician in India, 1727-1805.
Russell viper - characteristically marked, highly venomous snake of southeastern Asia. Synonym(s): daboia
Russell viper venom - used as a coagulant in the arrest of hemorrhage from accessible sites in hemophilia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Daboia russelii russelii, Russell's viper is a large, stocky, tan-colored snake, with very distinct, large, black- bordered ocelli on the back and a smaller set laterally.
The field surveys for both Echis and Daboia were conducted simultaneously and in mostly the same localities of Central Punjab, while separate surveys were conducted for Eristicophis macmahoni of Balochistan.
Maximum Parsimony (MP) analysis suggests that Eristicophis macmahoni and Echis carinatus are more closely related than either is to Daboia russelii based on the number of mutational differences.
Although both this set of analyses and Figures 3 and 4 suggest that Daboia is more closely related to Echis than either is to Eristicophis, this relationship is not strongly supported (52%= Figure 6).
Likewise, the molecular analyses of the partial sequence data suggest a closer relationship between Daboia russelii and Echis carinatus (Figures 3 and 5), but again this relationship is also not supported by the bootstrap values (Figures 4 and 6).
Bootstrap analysis (Figure 2) also shows low bootstrap values between Daboia, Eristicophis and Echis, making relationships unresolved.
Daboia, Vipera and related genera are clustered with Atheris in one clade
The sister group of Daboia is formed by a clade including Montivipera (V.