cytoskeleton


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cytoskeleton

 [si″to-skel´ĕ-ton]
a conspicuous internal reinforcement in the cytoplasm of a cell, consisting of tonofibrils, filaments of the terminal web, and other microfilaments. adj., adj cytoskel´etal.

cy·to·skel·e·ton

(sī'tō-skel'ĕ-ton),
In cells, the microtubules and the filaments (thin, intermediate, and thick) that serve as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize the location and movement of intracellular organelles.

cytoskeleton

/cy·to·skel·e·ton/ (-skel´it-on) a conspicuous internal reinforcement in the cytoplasm of a cell, consisting of tonofibrils, filaments of the terminal web, and other microfilaments.cytoskel´etal

cytoskeleton

(sī′tə-skĕl′ĭ-tn)
n.
The internal framework of a eukaryotic cell, composed of protein filaments that provide structural support and drive the movement of the cell and its internal components, typically divided into three categories (microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules) based on the diameter and composition of the filaments.

cy′to·skel′e·tal (-ĭ-tl) adj.

cytoskeleton

[-skel′ətən]
Etymology: Gk, kytos + skeletos, dried body
the cytoplasmic elements, including the tonofibrils, keratin, and other microfibrils, that function as a supportive system within a cell, especially an epithelial cell.

cy·to·skel·e·ton

(sī'tō-skel'ĕ-tŏn)
The tonofilaments, keratin, desmin, neurofilaments, or other intermediate filaments serving as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize intracellular organelles.

cytoskeleton

A complex network of ACTIN filaments within the nucleated cell. Unlike the bony skeleton in vertebrates, this skeleton has contractile properties and can alter the shape, size and even movement, of the cell. The cytoskeleton is also concerned with the adhesion of adjacent cells.

cytoskeleton

a network of MICROTUBULES and MICROFILAMENTS in the cytoplasm of cells which is thought to give the cell its characteristic shape. The network enables the movement of specific organelles within the cytoplasm (as in vesicles produced by the GOLGI APPARATUS), and the production of general CYTOPLASMIC STREAMING.

cytoskeleton

network of keratinocyte-derived keratin filaments and desmosomal connections providing structural support to epidermal basal cell layer, and aiding epidermis/dermis adhesion

cy·to·skel·e·ton

(sī'tō-skel'ĕ-tŏn)
The tonofilaments, keratin, desmin, neurofilaments, or other intermediate filaments serving as supportive cytoplasmic elements to stiffen cells or to organize intracellular organelles.

cytoskeleton,

n the intracellular filaments that serve to support or stiffen cells.

cytoskeleton

a conspicuous internal reinforcement in the cytoplasm of a cell, consisting of tonofibrils, filaments of the terminal web, and other microfilaments.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reoeganization of actin cytoskeleton of nuclear erythrocytes and leukocytes in fish, frogs and birds during migration.
The taxanes and vinca alkaloids target that part of the cytoskeleton known as microtubules.
Independent of calpain, the researchers also found that host PKC played an important role in the loss of protein adducin from the host cytoskeleton, contributing greatly to its collapse.
The cytoskeleton with the membrane skeleton surrounds and supports the contractile apparatus and forms an association with the plasmalemma.
The cytoskeleton (microtubules and microfilaments) is critical to most cell functions, but particularly cell signalling, receptor function, and mitosis.
In summary, the cellular cytoskeleton network is involved in the SARS-CoV maturation and possibly replication process.
Original papers will cover topics important in the field, including assembly of cell adhesion complexes, biological functions and molecular interactions of ECM molecules, cytoskeleton plasticity and related signalling cascades, cell fusion, immune synapse formation or axon growth and guidance both in physiological condition such as organogenesis and development (special attention will be paid to papers related to stem cells migration or cell intercalation) or pathological conditions such as cancer cell migration or degenerative diseases.
The axonal initial segment (AIS), a stretch of 50 100 om length close to the cell body, bears a specialized cytoskeleton and maintains the polarized distribution of neuronal molecules by blocking the exchange of molecules between axon and soma.
th] March, 2015 that one of its oncology pipeline drug candidates, Anisina (ATM-3507), has achieved a major milestone in its development, confirming the concept that comprehensive destruction of a cancer cell's cytoskeleton can deliver a powerful anti-cancer effect.
The movement of cells requires the "remodeling" of a supporting cell structure called the actin cytoskeleton.
Among his specific topics are cellular activation processes, cell membrane receptors and phospholipids, signaling cascades, cell proliferation, apoptosis, control of the cytoskeleton, cell defense and survival, and the cell cycle.
Finally, treatment of the cells with PLE prevented UV-induced morphological changes in human fibroblasts, namely disorganisation of F-actin-based cytoskeletal structures, coalescence of the tubulin cytoskeleton and mislocalization of adhesion molecules such as cadherins and integrins.