cytological

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cytologic, cytological

See cytology.

cytology

(si-tol'o-je) [ cyto- + -logy]
The science that deals with the formation, structure, and function of cells. cytologiccytological (sit?o-loj'ik) ('i-kal), adjective

exfoliative cytology

Microscopic examination of cells obtained from body excretions, e.g., from the anus or genitourinary tract.

imprint cytology

The study of cellular morphology or of tissue diseases after a clinical specimen, e.g., a bone marrow biopsy, is dabbed on a microscope slide. It is used in some settings as an adjunct or alternative to fine needle aspiration biopsy, frozen sectioning, and other pathological techniques.

liquid-based cytology

Abbreviation: LBC
A means of performing a Papanicolaou test (Pap test) in which the head of the plastic spatula used to obtain cells from the endocervix is inserted directly into a vial containing a fluid cellular preservative. The vial is spun in the laboratory, and a pellet of pure cells is obtained. This cellular layer is then deposited on a microscope slide and examined for evidence of cellular atypia or frank cancer. The liquid-based cytology differs from traditional cervical cytology in that the contents of the spatula are not smeared directly onto a microscope slide. This reduces the number of specimens received by the laboratory that are unable to be interpreted pathologically.

sputum cytology

The examination of cells obtained from mucus in the upper or lower respiratory tract to see if cancer cells are present. See: sputum specimen.

cytological, cytologic

pertaining to cytology.

cytological examination
examination of material for purposes of cytology. Carried out on cerebrospinal fluid, joint fluid, aspirates of body cavities and cystic lesions. Includes total and differential counts.
References in periodicals archive ?
They should be trained to recognise abnormal cytological features as described previously, such as unusually high cellularity that would then prompt them to seek a formal cytological examination for the specimen.
Tumor markers were all negative, and no malignant cells were found on cytological examination of the pericardial fluid.
If the fluid is not bloody and the mass disappears, the fluid is not submitted for cytological examination because of the low likelihood of cancer.
5 mmol/l, and an unhelpful cytological examination.
Data suggest that a combination of cytological examination and K-ras mutation detection in cellular material may improve diagnostic accuracy (7-10).
The company also developed a proprietary non-carcinogenic fixative, OncoFix II, which allows for dual histological and cytological examination of prostate biopsies.
Pleural aspirate showed an exudative pattern, and cytological examination revealed a predominance of lymphocytes, few eosinophils, mesothelial cells and microfilariae.
The study showed that the device provides clinically useful Mammary Aspiration Specimens (MAS) for cytological examination that may prove useful in the diagnosis of breast cancer.
BCF, therefore, provides a unique opportunity to study the background of cystic changes related to the hormonal and biochemical environment, although diagnostic imaging techniques and cytological examination are the most widely used modalities for differential diagnosis [56-58].
Mokbel and Keith both agree the being able to visually inspect the ducts of the breast with the added advantage of obtaining cells from ducts for cytological examination before the decision to do subsequent surgery would be a significant step toward improved breast cancer detection.