Investigation of such phenomena would require controlled fruit-removal experiments with careful tracking of the onset of transition to mature fruit color and the loss of cyanogenic
There is increased risk of liver damage in a population with tapioca as staple food due to the excess stress on liver to metabolize the hydrogen cyanide formed from cyanogenic
Both plants had more steroids and flavonoids except for the two phytochemicals, anthraquinones and cyanogenic
glycosides which were absent.
Influence of water stress on cyanogenic
capacity in Eucalyptus cladocalyx.
Chaptalia nutans, a strongly cyanogenic
plant of Brazil.
glycosides are amino acid present in more than 2500 plant species, playing an important role in plant defense against herbivores due to their bitter taste and release of toxic hydrogen cyanide.
Unlike linamarin and lotaustralin which are the cyanogenic
glycosides found in cassava plants, taxiphyllin in bamboo shoots is highly unstable and is easily decomposed when treated with boiling water.
The stems, leaves, and seeds of apples, cherries, peaches, and apricots contain cyanogenic
glycosides that can cause vomiting and loss of appetite when eaten in large amounts.
A tropical butterfly heliconius can convert the glycosides to no harmful molecules for nitrogen synthesis making it resistant to the cyanogenic
glycoside of its "host" passion flower.
glycosides, isoflavonoids and alkaloids which are soluble secondary compounds can also be toxic to animals (Morris and Robbins, 1997).
As an illustration, current regulations for GM foods, if applied to non-GM products, would bar the sale of potatoes and tomatoes, which can contain poisonous glycoalkaloids; celery, which contains carcinogenic psoralens; rhubarb and spinach (oxalic acid); and cassava, which feeds about half a billion people, but contains toxic cyanogenic
It is amazing that although the scientific community rejected the claim that laetrile (the cyanogenic
glycoside, amygdalin) is a vitamin, a broad section of the public still accepts it as "vitamin B17.