Generally, cassava peel contains higher linamarin content than the pulp and removal of the peels therefore reduces the cyanogenic
glucoside level (Tewe and Kasali, 1996).
While most of the plants tested positive for the presence of flavonoids, tannins and sterols/triterpenes, twenty four plants tested positive for anthraquinones, twenty six for cardiac glycosides, nineteen for coumarins, eleven for glucosinulates, and only two plants, Thymus vulgaris and Torularia torulosa, showed positive tests for cyanogenic
Cardiosperminsulfate-a sulphur containing cyanogenic
glucoside from Cardiospermum grandiflorum.
Combined with an increase in cyanogenic
glycosides, this has major implications for the types of crops that can be grown in the future if CO2 levels continue to rise.
It was found that the people consume a large number of cyanogenic
More then 2,650 species of plants have been found to be cyanogenic
or cyanide producing.
The cherry's leaves contain cyanogenic
compounds and, when wilted, are known to be toxic to cattle and sheep, the university says.
Cyanide and cyanogenic
agents elicit their poisonous properties by affecting respiration and oxygen consumption, which leads to anoxia.
The passion vines, in the genus Passiflora, contain cyanogenic
glycosides--essentially sugar compounds hitched to a cyanide group.
27) Passionflower contains cyanogenic
constituents which thus do not rule out toxicity though humans are regarded as having the physiological functions to detoxify cyanide adequately.
The frequent consumption of maize and sweet potato can also be detrimental because they contain small amounts of cyanogenic
glycosides, thiocyanate precursors which have antithyroid effects .
glycosides linamarin and lotaustralin are known to be precursor compounds to the liberation of HCN on hydrolysis in cassava tissues.