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Related to cyanogenic: Cyanogenic glycosides


Capable of producing hydrocyanic acid; said of plants such as sorghum, Johnson grass, arrowgrass, and wild cherry that may cause cyanide poisoning in herbivorous animals.


producing cyanide compounds, as does the clover.

cyanogenetic, cyanogenic

generating or giving rise to cyanide.

cyanogenetic glycosides
potentially poisonous cyanide radicals are found in plants in the form of cyanogenetic glycosides, in which form they are not poisonous. The glycosides may be broken down by plant enzymes or by rumen microorganisms and the material then releases its cyanide.
References in periodicals archive ?
Generally, cassava peel contains higher linamarin content than the pulp and removal of the peels therefore reduces the cyanogenic glucoside level (Tewe and Kasali, 1996).
While most of the plants tested positive for the presence of flavonoids, tannins and sterols/triterpenes, twenty four plants tested positive for anthraquinones, twenty six for cardiac glycosides, nineteen for coumarins, eleven for glucosinulates, and only two plants, Thymus vulgaris and Torularia torulosa, showed positive tests for cyanogenic glycosides.
Cardiosperminsulfate-a sulphur containing cyanogenic glucoside from Cardiospermum grandiflorum.
Combined with an increase in cyanogenic glycosides, this has major implications for the types of crops that can be grown in the future if CO2 levels continue to rise.
More then 2,650 species of plants have been found to be cyanogenic or cyanide producing.
The cherry's leaves contain cyanogenic compounds and, when wilted, are known to be toxic to cattle and sheep, the university says.
Cyanide and cyanogenic agents elicit their poisonous properties by affecting respiration and oxygen consumption, which leads to anoxia.
The passion vines, in the genus Passiflora, contain cyanogenic glycosides--essentially sugar compounds hitched to a cyanide group.
27) Passionflower contains cyanogenic constituents which thus do not rule out toxicity though humans are regarded as having the physiological functions to detoxify cyanide adequately.
The frequent consumption of maize and sweet potato can also be detrimental because they contain small amounts of cyanogenic glycosides, thiocyanate precursors which have antithyroid effects [14].
The cyanogenic glycosides linamarin and lotaustralin are known to be precursor compounds to the liberation of HCN on hydrolysis in cassava tissues.