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 [traw´mah] (pl. traumas, trau´mata) (Gr.)
1. injury.
2. psychological or emotional damage. adj., adj traumat´ic.
birth trauma
an injury to the infant during the process of being born. 2. in some psychiatric theories, the psychic shock produced in an infant by the experience of being born.
psychic trauma a psychologically upsetting experience that produces an emotional or mental disorder or otherwise has lasting negative effects on a person's thoughts, feelings, or behavior.
risk for trauma a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as accentuated risk of accidental tissue injury such as a wound, burn, or fracture.


, pl.




(traw'mă, -mă-tă),
An injury, physical or mental. Synonym(s): traumatism
[G. wound]


/trau·ma/ (traw´mah) (trou´mah) pl. traumas, trau´mata   [Gr.]
1. injury.
2. psychological or emotional damage.traumat´ic

birth trauma 
1. an injury to the infant during the process of being born.
2. the psychic shock produced in an infant by the experience of being born.
psychic trauma  a psychologically upsetting experience that produces a mental disorder or otherwise has lasting negative effects on a person's thoughts, feelings, or behavior.


(trô′mə, trou′-)
n. pl. trau·mas or trau·mata (-mə-tə)
a. Serious injury to the body, as from physical violence or an accident: abdominal trauma.
b. Severe emotional or mental distress caused by an experience: He experienced trauma for years after his divorce.
a. An experience that causes severe anxiety or emotional distress, such as rape or combat: memories that persist after a trauma occurs.
b. An event or situation that causes great disruption or suffering: the economic trauma of the recession.

trau·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj.
trau·mat′i·cal·ly adv.


[trou′mə, trô′mə]
Etymology: Gk, wound
1 physical injury caused by violent or disruptive action or by the introduction into the body of a toxic substance.
2 psychic injury resulting from a severe emotional shock. traumatic, adj., traumatize, v.


A physical or emotional wound or injury. See Alternobaric trauma, Atmospheric inner ear barotrauma, Barotrauma, Birth trauma, Childhood trauma, Implantation trauma, Penetrating trauma, Phonotrauma.


, pl. traumata, traumas (traw'mă, -mă-tă, -măz)
An injury, physical or mental.
Synonym(s): traumatism.
[G. wound]


1. Any injury caused by a mechanical or physical agent.
2. Any event having an adverse psychological effect.


A disastrous or life-threatening event that can cause severe emotional distress. DID is associated with trauma in a person's early life or adult experience.


any form of actual wound/injury/potential injury to tissue; trauma leading to an acute inflammatory response includes mechanical, thermal, photo and chemical events, immunological and allergic reactions and infection

trauma (träˑ·m),

n any physical or emotional injury due to sudden or violent action, exposure to dangerous toxins or profound shock.
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Transverse (horizontal) plane.


, pl. traumata, traumas (traw'mă, -mă-tă, -măz)
An injury, physical or mental.
[G. wound]

trauma (trou´mə, trô´mə),

n a hurt; a wound; an injury; damage; impairment; external violence producing bodily injury or degeneration.
trauma, cumulative,
n medical condition developing in the peripheral and autonomic nervous systems and musculoskeletal system due to forceful, awkward, and repetitive bodily motions as well as exposure to cold temperatures, mechanical stress, and vibrations.
trauma, injury in occlusal,
n the damaging effects of occlusal trauma, which are of a dystrophic nature and affect the tooth and its periodontium. Lesions include wear facets on the tooth, root resorption, cemental tears, thrombosis of blood vessels of the periodontal membrane, necrosis and hyalinization of the periodontal mem-brane on the pressure side, and resorption of alveolar and supporting bone. Clinically, tooth mobility and migration may be evident; radiographically, evidence includes the widening of the periodontal membrane space and fraying or fuzziness of the lamina dura and formation of infrabony resorptive defects. Pocket formation is not a sequela to occlusal traumatism.
trauma, occlusal,
n abnormal occlusal relationships of the teeth, causing injury to the periodontium.


a wound or injury, especially damage produced by external force, e.g. surgical operation, impact, blunt instrument.

birth trauma
an injury to the fetus during the process of being born.
trauma score
a numerical assessment of injuries suffered as a result of trauma. Several systems are used, including the Glasgow Coma Scale and the Revised Trauma Score.
self-inflicted trauma

Patient discussion about trauma

Q. can you get bipolar as a result of some bad life experience? or some trauma you've been through?

A. thanks guys, my girlfriend was just diagnosed as bipolar... hard times for both of us...

Q. Save my husband. My husband was diagnosed with Bipolar disorder in 2001 but in 2003 traumatic events happened in our life due to a house fire, my husband was manic round the clock to the point where he was going to do harm to himself or someone else. I begged his doctor to institutionalize him to regulate his meds and to help him to deal with the traumatic thing that happened to us. But my doctor refused saying he couldn't do it against his will. No one would listen to my begging. Please help my husband. My husband ended up doing something that caused him to be in prison today, still not getting help. Is there anything I can do to help my husband to go to a place that will help him rather than making his mental state worse?

A. Take him to your local emergency room. tell the treage nurse you need to talk to a crisis worker. Go in with him and talk to the crisis worker about the things he has been doing and that he has bipolar disorder. Explain that he IS a danger to himself and others. They will probalbly want to speak with him alone but that is the best way to get him the help he needs. See if they can refer him to a mood disorder clinic to help him in the long run.
Stay strong and try to help him get the help he needs... Protect yourself in the meantime.

More discussions about trauma
References in periodicals archive ?
From the literature discussed in the introduction, the following hypotheses were formulated: (1) cumulative trauma, consisting of being abused over a long period, affects the thinking processes such as styles of attribution and, therefore, in older children a more external locus of control should be observed; (2) cumulative trauma leads to increased insecure type attachment working models, specifically of disorganized type, in older children; (3) age, and therefore multiple trauma, has a greater impact compared to attachment on the locus of control.
52) Cumulative trauma likewise presents significant problems in the provision of health care services and VA benefits for those survivors who need it the most.
Labor disputes, mainly in the meat-processing industry, publicized the extent and severity of cumulative trauma in the 1970s and 1980s.
The Vietnam group also reported a higher frequency of cumulative trauma disorder compared with the OIF/OEF group (67% and 46%, respectively; p < 0.
Studies on the effectiveness of braces in the prevention of cumulative trauma disorders are inconclusive.
The high incidence rate of cumulative trauma disorders in dental hygienists attests to the musculoskeletal problems experienced by dental hygienists.
com) informs professionals responsible for workplace safety, health and environment about existing regulations, significant new laws and recent product developments and Cumulative Trauma Disorder News (www.
They argue that a distinction needs to be made between long-term, cumulative trauma and "specific" trauma within the context of cumulative trauma.
The first, cumulative trauma, pointed to the pervasive nature of the children's early experiences, as manifest through their presentation and play.
Papers also describe crisis intervention play therapy to help children, drama therapy for adult victims working toward aesthetic distance, expressive arts therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder, therapies for cumulative trauma, art therapy with traumatized families, vocal psychotherapy for adults traumatized as children, sandplay therapy, puppetry interventions, video play therapy and story-craft.
Reducing certain job-related exposures can greatly reduce the chance of developing cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs)--a class of musculoskeletal disorders that involve damage to muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and the circulatory system.

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