cud

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cud

(kŭd)
n.
Food regurgitated from the first stomach to the mouth of a ruminant and chewed again.

carnitine deficiency, systemic primary

An autosomal recessive disorder (OMIM:212140) of fatty acid oxidation caused by defective carnitine transport. Patients present in infancy with hypoketotic hypoglycaemia and acute metabolic decompensation, or later in life with skeletal myopathy or cardiomyopathy. 

Molecular pathology
Caused by defects in SLC22A5, which encodes a protein that is both an organic cation transporter and a high-affinity carnitine transporter.

cud

the food from the first stomach of a ruminate which, after being mixed with bacteria in the rumen, is regurgitated into the mouth and rechewed.

cud

the bolus regurgitated by ruminants. It contains fiber, other food particles, rumen liquor and flora.

cud chewing
after regurgitation, chewing on the remains of the regurgitus.
cud dropping
a usually temporary condition in the cow in which each regurgitated bolus is rejected to the exterior. There is no other abnormality.
losing the cud
the cow that has 'lost her cud' is not ruminating. This is a nonspecific sign of illness.
cud transfer
a therapeutic practice of collecting fresh ruminal contents, from the mouth of a ruminating cow or by stomach tube from a rumen or from a freshly killed normal animal, and administering an infusion of it to a cow with ruminal stasis. The objective is to repopulate the recipient rumen with viable, normal ruminal flora.