crystalloid

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crystalloid

 [kris´tah-loid]
1. resembling a crystal.
2. a substance whose particles are smaller than those of a colloid, form a true solution, and are therefore capable of passing through a semipermeable membrane, as in dialysis. The physical opposite of a crystalloid is a colloid, which does not dissolve and does not form true solutions.

crys·tal·loid

(kris'tăl-oyd),
1. Resembling a crystal, or being such.
2. A body that in solution can pass through a semipermeable membrane, as distinguished from a colloid, which cannot do so.
3. A hydration solution that contains only electrolytes.

crystalloid

[kris′təloid]
Etymology: Gk, krystallos + eidos, form
a substance in a solution that can diffuse through a semipermeable membrane. Compare colloid.

crys·tal·loid

(kris'tăl-oyd)
1. Resembling a crystal, or being such.
2. A body that in solution can pass through a semipermeable membrane, as distinguished from a colloid, which cannot do so.

crystalloid

1. resembling a crystal.
2. a noncolloid substance. Crystalloids form true solutions and therefore are capable of passing through a semipermeable membrane, as in dialysis. The physical opposite of a crystalloid is a colloid (3), which does not dissolve and does not form true solutions.

crystalloid particle
a matrix particle in a single membrane contained in a peroxisome, when viewed through an electron microscope. Called also nucleoid.
crystalloid solution
contains electrolytes and nonelectrolytes which will diffuse into all body fluid compartments. Examples are Ringer's solution and 5% dextrose in water.
References in periodicals archive ?
There were no significant differences in the risk of acute renal failure when gelatin was compared to crystalloids (OR 0.
Prehospital resuscitation practices and the use of crystalloids for fluid resuscitation have not changed significantly in the past 40 to 50 years in either the military or civilian sector.
Compared with crystalloid, colloid therapy slows progression of extrapulmonary tissue injury in septic sheep.
Crystalloids and colloids are two clear options for preloading, but it is not known which of these is better for prevention of PONV.
Colloids produce a greater degree of hemodilution than crystalloids.
None of the other patient-relevant clinical endpoints, such as length of ICU stay, use of mechanical ventilation or presence of major bleeding, showed a statistically significant advantage of HES over crystalloids.
We started infusing 1000 ml of crystalloid and 500 ml of colloid.
Alternatively, elaboration of a balanced replacement fluid with a higher osmolarity, closer to 310-315 mOsm/L, may be useful in birds and can easily be achieved by mixing different crystalloid fluids (eg, 500 mL of a 310 mOsm/kg fluid can be obtained by mixing 490 mE of Normosol-R and 10 mL of 3% NaCl).
10) Care should be taken to avoid over-resuscitation with crystalloids as this may lead to the development of multiple systemic complications, including abdominal compartment syndrome.
However, since whole blood is not a product that is available for common hospital use, crystalloids and packed cells are commonly infused to treat the massively bleeding.
3[degrees]C in the operating room and received an average of 14,165 mL of crystalloids, blood, and blood products (1).
9,10) Aguirre and Scully (10) identified "Leydig cells with crystalloids of Reinke," whereas Mack et al (9) hypothesized "the strands of hyperplastic adrenal-cortical cells, mainly of the reticularis type within the neurofibromatous stroma" as the possible source of testosterone secretion by the tumor.