References in periodicals archive ?
While personal history of inguinal hernia, age of father, and age of mother at childbirth were not associated with TGCT risk, cryptorchidism, hypospadias, and brother's and father's history of testicular cancer were associated with an increased TGCT risk (Table 1).
1 Midshaft-proximal 12 18 Inguinal pathology Cryptorchidism 22 28 0.
A study published in Turkish Journal found that the presence of abnormal external genitalia, abdominal testes and abnormal karyotype was associated with increased risk of not only testicular germ cell tumours but also extragonadal germ cell tumours, (12) which holds true even in this case where patient had hypospadiasis and micropenis associated with cryptorchidism.
The importance of timely diagnosis and treatment of cryptorchidism cannot be underestimated.
Changes in testis histology in cryptorchid testes are variable depending on the age of the individual at the time of orchidopexy and the position and duration of cryptorchidism.
Upon cryptorchidism induction in the first week, considerable spermatocytes lined up the germinal cell layer in the control and the treatment groups (Figure 3).
Thus, in patients with cryptorchidism, the presence of vas deferens should be evaluated during scrotal palpation and abdominal ultrasound study is also recommended to evaluate any other coexisting abnormalities such as renal agenesis.
There are many reports concerning hypospadiac cases in ruminants associated with other congenital anomalies such as atresia ani, absence of tail, hermaphrodism, and cryptorchidism [7, 9, 11-17].
Explain the anatomy and physiology of cryptorchidism (undescended tests).
Dolores Lamb, director of the Center for Reproductive Medicine at Baylor, professor and vice chair for research of urology and molecular and cellular biology at Baylor, asid cryptorchidism and hypospadias are among the most common birth defects but the causes are usually unknown.
toxin exposure, cryptorchidism, testicular torsion etc), testicular function becomes highly compromised (130, 131).