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the presence of infective agents or their toxins in the bloodstream, popularly known as blood poisoning. It is characterized by elevated body temperature, chills, and weakness. Small abscesses may form on the surface of the body and red and blue streaks become apparent along the pathway of surface blood vessels leading to and from the site of the primary infection. A blood culture confirms the diagnosis and helps identify the most effective antiinfective drug for therapy. This is a serious condition that must be treated promptly; otherwise the process of infection leads to circulatory collapse, profound shock, and death. adj., adj septice´mic.
cryptogenic septicemia septicemia in which the focus of infection is not evident during life.
puerperal septicemia puerperal fever.
a form of septicemia in which no primary focus of infection can be found.
a systemic infection in which pathogens are present in the bloodstream but no primary focus of infection can be identified.
cryp·to·gen·ic sep·ti·ce·mi·a(krip'tō-jen'ik sep'ti-sē'mē-ă)
A form of septicemia in which no primary focus of infection can be found.
systemic disease associated with the presence and persistence of pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins in the blood. The resulting syndrome is a combination of the signs of toxemia and hyperthermia, i.e. fever, mucosal and conjunctival petechiation and evidence of localization in joints, eyes, meninges, heart valves. Proof is by positive blood culture or smear. See also specific infections, e.g. anthrax, pasteurellosis, colibacillosis. Called also blood poisoning.
bacterial hemorrhagic septicemia
includes many bacterial diseases of fish, e.g. vibriosis, but usually restricted to systemic infection by opportunists such as Aeromonas hydrophila, Pseudomonas spp.
septicemia in which the focus of infection is not evident during life.
rapidly fatal septicemia of the newborn foal caused by Actinobacillus equuli, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, β-hemolytic streptococcus.
septicemia characterized by marked petechiation on mucosae and serosae. Also used as a specific name for septicemic pasteurellosis in cattle; see hemorrhagic septicemia.
that in which the focus of infection is a lesion of the mucous membrane received during parturition.
puppies normal at birth, weaken and die after the first 24 hours. The usual causes are infection by hemolytic streptococci, Escherichia coli and Brucella canis.