11-13) Knott et al studied cryotherapy in the larynx after endoscopic carbon dioxide laser cordectomy with and without adjuvant therapy with a cryoprobe
Temperature and pressure measurements are used to measure the thermodynamic performance of each of the components in the cryoprobe
The limited cooling power that is available even with today's cryoprobes
makes it necessary to use several cryoprobes
in order to destroy tumors of any substantial size.
Consecutively, 4 Iceseed cryoprobes
(Galil Medical) were percutaneously introduced in the tumour.
Additionally, the probes and other equipment involved in transporting the liquid nitrogen to the cryoprobe
must be vacuum insulated and therefore the system is bulky and rigid; these are undesirable properties for a piece equipment that is meant to be minimally invasive and used in a surgical setting.
NMR's capacity to determine absolute structure has proven useful in the study of polymers; Bruker BioSpin markets the Polymer CryoProbe
which is specifically designed for this application.
In group 1 birds (n = 6), primary feather 10 of both wings was treated with the diode laser (10 W, 2 seconds) and primary feather 6 was treated with the cryoprobe
(5 seconds, 3 cycles).
Bleeding from the cryoprobe
hole required bipolar coagulation, and an adhesion that formed between the coagulated area and the small bowel created a bowel obstruction.
In 27 exophytic posterior lesions, we recorded only 1 failure, and this was in a lesion that was implanted with only 1 cryoprobe
Contract notice: Supply and installation of the upgrade of a nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer 500 megahertz equipped with cryoprobe
Cryotherapy in particular, with either liquid nitrogen or a cryoprobe
, is the option many physicians use when physical removal is the goal.
a Braker cryoprobe
TXI at 30[degrees]C with trimethylsylane as standard.