This edition has new research and validation of the clinical mental health counseling paradigm; newer, evidence-based treatment approaches, such as dialectic behavior therapy, acceptance and commitment therapy, emotionally focused therapy, the transtheoretical model, motivational interviewing, integrated dual-diagnosed treatment, equine therapy, home-based therapy, critical incident stress debriefing
, and psychological first aid; newer standards and codes; innovations in the provision of services in community mental health contexts, such as emergency management and disaster preparedness, correctional settings, and the implications of health care reform; and discussion of recovery philosophy and current trends influencing the profession.
20) Such Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
teams are used in several correctional agencies to address trauma for both workers and their families with the idea that one's fellow co-workers are effective sources of support and should thus be included in these teams.
The CIPS course covers the dynamics of critical incident stress management; recognition of types, signs, and symptoms of stress; identification of the critical incident stress debriefing
process; implementation of a peer support program; functions of the peer supporter; psychological effects of critical incidents; causative impacts of critical incidents on first responders and investigators; communications skills; major crisis issues; crisis intervention and referrals (to ensure the preservation of first responders); and investigator health, welfare, safety, and confidentiality.
Perhaps most importantly, with the escalation of workplace violence, Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
has become a frequently requested service provided by EAPs.
The literature about crisis intervention is primarily concerned with reducing anxiety and posttraumatic stress symptoms through critical incident stress debriefing
The most popular model, Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
(CISD), has seven phases (Mitchell, 1983; Mitchell & Everly, 2001).
To provide a traditional critical incident stress debriefing
at this stage actually could exacerbate some individuals' emotional reaction to the event.
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
Model Mitchell and Everly (as cited in Juhnke, 1997) developed a critical incident stress debriefing
(CISD) model to use with adult emergency workers who experienced extremely traumatic events.
Workshops use key interventions, such as individual crisis intervention, small-group critical incident stress debriefing
, family support, education, chaplain/pastoral services, referrals, and follow-up care.
Cormier counsels for grief or critical incident stress debriefing
, an area which she has specialized in, and works as a program developer.
This type of discussion is called a critical incident stress debriefing
(CISD) and should he offered to all employees.
One of the earliest and most noteworthy efforts by the Mine Awareness Team of professors and students was an extremely comprehensive critical incident stress debriefing
guide for use by mine clearance teams and others after an accident or incident in the field.