Aside from high levels of cribra
orbitalia (a pathological condition caused by iron deficiency), no particular pathological or activity-related conditions are evident (Robb 1991; Robb et al.
RIA POPULATION DYNAMICS AT THE OCONEE RIVER GREENWAY, MLLEDGEVILLE.
Declining health between the Early and Late periods among Santa Batbara Channel populations is further suggested by increased rates of skeletal indicators of disease and stress, such as periosteal lesions, cribra
orbita-lia, and tooth enamel hypoplasias (Lambert 1993, 1994, 2004; Walker 1986, 1993; Walker and Erlandson 1986).
This could include topics such as the types of stresses and diseases experienced by Aboriginal people, the manner in which pathologies such as cribra
orbitalia or dental enamel hypoplasias manifested themselves between different regions of the Murray, and completely unrelated topics such as non-metric analysis.
Spines, central strutted processes and cribra
There is very little evidence of porotic hyperostosis or cribra
There was significant pitting of the orbital roofs as seen in the characteristic pattern of cribra
orbitalia (Figure 3).
orbitalia, another indicator of anemia, was also noted on two of these individuals above and within the orbits of the eye.
High levels of cribra
orbitalia (porosity in the bone of the superior eye orbits) in both children and adults suggest a diet deficient in iron (Stuart-Macadam 1989) and other important nutrients (Walker et al.
Such an example would be porotic hyperostosis or cribra
orbitalia (bone signs of anaemia).
These include enamel hypoplasia (defective tooth development), porotic hyperostosis (anaemic response), orbital cribra
(malnutrition), caries and other oral pathology, arthritis, trauma and infection; all dealt with to a greater or lesser degree.
Such differences seem to be related to differences in health and nutrition in childhood, as suggested by sexual dimorphism, cribra
orbitalia, periostitis and dental hypoplasia.