reflex was absent on the left side but present on the right.
There is collateral circulation from the deferential artery (a branch of the inferior vesical artery, which arises from the internal iliac) and the cremasteric
the bell-and-clapper deformity is a high insertion of the tunica vaginalis onto the spermatic cord, which leaves the testes free to rotate within the tunica and can predispose to intravaginal testicular torsion.
Therefore, in the present study we have extended previous findings and evaluated the effect of budlein A on LPS-induced leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions within the murine cremasteric
microcirculation and its possible immunosuppressive effect on mouse splenic cells.
The origin of the cremasteric
reflex is interesting.
8) The torsed structure in this condition is the spermatic cord, which contains the testicular artery, vas deferens, lymphatic vessels, sympathetic nerves, and cremasteric
The main blood flow to the testicle is via the testicular artery, with branches off the deferential and cremasteric
reflex is a hangover from the time homo sapiens was a hunter and, when running fast after prey, the testicles could be drawn up to escape damage from tall spikey grasses.
Physical examination findings include an abnormal testicular position and tenderness, and the cremasteric
reflex is usually absent in patients over 2 years old.
Macroscopically, the appearance of ectopic adrenal tissue is characteristic (a round, yellow nodule, firm in consistency, embedded in the cremasteric
fibres, resembling a fat lobule).
reflex was absent on the right side and present on the left side.
reflex is usually abnormal in cases of testicular torsion, and ultrasound will reveal decreased blood flow to the affected testicle.
7] It seems that evertion of the tunica vaginalis during orchidopexy for UDT, as well as division of the cremasteric
fibers, is essential to decrease the risk of future torsion.