potassium bitartrate

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 (K) [po-tas´e-um]
a chemical element, atomic number 19, atomic weight 39.102. (See Appendix 6.) In combination with other minerals in the body, potassium forms alkaline salts that are important in body processes and play an essential role in maintenance of the acid-base and water balance in the body. All body cells, especially muscle tissue, require a high content of potassium. A proper balance between sodium, calcium, and potassium in the blood plasma is necessary for proper cardiac function.

Since most foods contain a good supply of potassium, potassium deficiency (hypokalemia) is unlikely to be caused by an unbalanced diet. Possible causes include cushing's syndrome (due to an adrenal gland disorder) and fanconi's syndrome (the result of a congenital kidney defect). The cause could also be an excessive dose of cortisone, prolonged vomiting or diarrhea, or thiazide diuretics, which are administered for treatment of hypertension. Signs of potassium deficiency can include weakness and lethargy, rapid pulse, nausea, diarrhea, and tingling sensations.

If the body absorbs enough potassium but the element is not distributed properly, various disorders may develop. Thus an abnormally low content of potassium in the blood may result in an intermittent temporary paralysis of the muscles, known as familial periodic paralysis.

Potassium deficiency can be treated by administration of potassium supplements. There is a large variety of these preparations. Some are liquids, some are powders to be dissolved in liquids, and some are slow-release tablets that dissolve in the intestine. All can cause gastrointestinal irritation. For many persons on diuretic therapy for hypertension, potassium deficiency can be avoided by increasing their consumption of potassium-containing foods, such as bananas, dates, prunes, and raisins, and potassium supplements are not needed. Potassium supplements are never given to patients receiving potassium-sparing diuretics such as amiloride, spironolactone, or triamterene. If the difficulty lies in the body's use of potassium, treatment is concerned with the primary cause of the deficiency.
Homeostatic balance of potassium. Through the functions of resorption and excretion, the kidneys are the best regulator of potassium balance in the extracellular fluids. From Malarkey and McMorrow, 2000.
potassium acetate an electrolyte replenisher and systemic and urinary alkalizer.
potassium bicarbonate an electrolyte replenisher, antacid, and urinary alkalizer.
potassium bitartrate a compound administered rectally as a suppository with sodium bicarbonate to produce carbon dioxide, which promotes defecation by distending the rectal ampulla; administered for relief of constipation, and evacuation of the colon before surgical or diagnostic procedures or childbirth.
potassium chloride a compound used orally or intravenously as an electrolyte replenisher.
potassium citrate a systemic and urinary alkalizer, electrolyte replenisher, and diuretic.
dibasic potassium phosphate the dipotassium salt, K2HPO4; used alone or in combination with other phosphate compounds as an electrolyte replenisher.
potassium gluconate an electrolyte replenisher used in the prophylaxis and treatment of hypokalemia.
potassium guaiacolsulfonate an expectorant.
potassium iodide an expectorant, antithyroid agent, and antifungal.
monobasic potassium phosphate the monopotassium salt, KH2PO4; used as a buffering agent in pharmaceutical preparations and, alone or in combination with other phosphate compounds, as an electrolyte replenisher and urinary acidifier and for prevention of kidney stones.
potassium permanganate a topical antiinfective and oxidizing agent, and an antidote for many poisons.
potassium phosphate a compound combining potassium and phosphoric acid, usually dibasic potassium phosphate.
potassium sodium tartrate a compound used as a saline cathartic.

po·tas·si·um bi·tar·trate

a diuretic and laxative.

po·tas·si·um bi·tar·trate

(pŏ-tasē-ŭm bī-tahrtrāt)
A diuretic and laxative.
Synonym(s): cream of tartar, potassium acid tartrate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pour the egg whites and a pinch of cream of tartar into a large bowl and whisk until firm.
1 Combine 30 milliliters (2 tablespoons) of cream of tartar with 15 ml (1 Tbsp) of baking soda in a small bowl.
Or: Add 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar and 1/4 teaspoon baking soda for every teaspoon of baking powder called for.
You need: 3 egg whites, about 3/4 cup (about 200 ml) of sugar, 1/8 teaspoon (about 1/2 ml) of cream of tartar (optional), a baking sheet covered with a piece of heavy brown paper
In a separate large bowl, use an electric mixer to beat the egg whites with the cream of tartar and a pinch of salt until they form soft peaks.
MERINGUE 9 egg whites 1 cup water 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar 2 tablespoons cornstarch Y2 teaspoon vanilla 4 tablespoons sugar
uk WARM DATE AND CHOCOLATE VALENTINE POTS 100g chopped dates 50g white chocolate, broken into pieces 40g toasted chopped mixed nuts 75g dark chocolate, broken into pieces 75g unsalted butter 75ml semi-skimmed milk 60g caster sugar 2 medium eggs, whisked 1tsp vanilla extract 1/4tsp baking powder A pinch of cream of tartar 50g ground almonds Pre-heat the oven to 200C/Fan 180C/Gas Mark 6.
DEATH BY CHOCOLATE CAKE 150g caster sugar 175g margarine/butter, room temperature 150g plain flour 3 large eggs, room temperature 1 tsp bicarbonate of soda 2 tsp cream of tartar 30g cocoa powder 1 tbsp vanilla extract 35g Greek yoghurt FOR THE GANACHE 300ml double cream 200g dark and 100g milk chocolate, broken into squares Chocolate bar(s) of your choice ?
5 vanilla pod Frozen chocolate chips For the cupcakes: 175g (6 oz) softened butter or Stork margarine; 175g (6 oz) caster sugar 2 teaspoons vanilla extract 3 eggs 175g (6 oz) self-raising flour For the marshmallow frosting: 3 egg whites (at room temp) 1/2 tbsp vanilla extract 1/4 teaspoon cream of tartar 60 ml water 250g granulated sugar Lemon juice METHOD To make the cookies dough balls: 1.
Blueberry and Lemon Pancakes Ingredients: 200g plain flour 1 tsp cream of tartar 1/2 tsp bicarbonate of soda 1 tsp golden syrup 75g blueberries Zest 1 lemon 200ml milk 1 large egg Butter, for cooking Method: First, put the flour, cream of tartar and bicarbonate of soda in the bowl.
Skinni Scone (makes 14) reduced sugar strawberry jam, 10g strawberry sliced into small chunks mix together all of the ingredients well, (use a small whisk to help you get the ''cream'' consistency) For the scone: 16oz plain flour, 1tsp bicarbonate soda, 2 tsp cream of Tartar, 3 oz low fat margarine, approx 100ml skimmed milk, egg white to glaze For the ''skinni cream'': 200g Quark (very low fat cream cheese), 85g fat Directions: For the scone - mix the dry ingredients together, rub the marg in with your fingertips, slowly add the milk until you form a firm To build the scone: Slice the scone in half.