cranium

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cranium

 [kra´ne-um] (pl. cra´nia) (L.)
the large round superior part of the skull, enclosing the brain and made up of the cranial bones.
cranium bi´fidum incomplete formation of the skull, with defective formation of the brain and often an encephalocele or meningocele. Called also cranioschisis.

cra·ni·um

, pl.

cra·ni·a

(krā'nē-ŭm, -ă), [TA]
The bones of the head collectively. The neurocranium is the part of cranium that forms the bony brain case containing the brain, excluding the bones of the face (viscerocranium).
Synonym(s): skull
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion]

cranium

/cra·ni·um/ (kra´ne-um) pl. cra´nia   [L.] the skeleton of the head, variously construed as including all of the bones of the head except the mandible, or as the eight bones forming the vault lodging the brain.cranial
cranium bi´fidum  a congenitally incomplete skull, often with an incomplete brain.

cranium

(krā′nē-əm)
n. pl. cra·niums or cra·nia (-nē-ə)
1. The skull.
2. The portion of the skull enclosing the brain; the braincase.

cranium

[krā′nē·əm]
Etymology: Gk, kranion, skull
the bony portion of skull that holds the brain. It is composed of eight bones: the frontal, occipital, sphenoid, ethmoid, and paired temporal and parietal bones. cranial, adj.

cra·ni·um

, pl. crania (krā'nē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The skeleton of the head; there are two parts: the neurocranium (brain box) and the viscerocranium (facial skeleton).
See: skull
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion]

cranium

The skeleton of the head without the jaw bone.

cranium

the skull of vertebrates.

cra·ni·um

, pl. crania (krā'nē-ŭm, -ă) [TA]
The bones of the head collectively.
Synonym(s): skull.
[Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion ]

cranium,

n the skull that covers and protects the brain.

cranium

pl. crania [L.] the skeleton of the head, variously construed as including all of the bones of the head, all except the mandible, or the eight bones forming the vault lodging the brain. See also head, skull, cranial.

inherited cranium bifidum
a defect in the closure of the bones of the cranial vault causes exposure of the brain. Meningocele or encephalocele may be present. Affected animals do not survive. Called also cranioschisis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fastest selling board game is history, beating the record set by Trivial Pursuit, Cranium is the brainchild of two former computer geeks.
Last Christmas Cranium was the corporate gift of choice, with savvy executives giving them away to friends and business contacts.
A quarter of a million copies of Cranium have already been snapped up and they should break the six figure barrier later this year.
They revised that figure to 515 cubic centimeters, based on the overall volume determined by 106 two-dimensional CT "slices" taken throughout the braincase and on the volume of water needed to fill a cast of the fossil cranium.
africanus cranium reach only about 370 cubic centimeters, down from a prior estimate of 428 cubic centimeters based on a plaster cast, the scientists add.
Several features of the Eritrean Homo cranium appear in African specimens assigned to H.
However, the sharp angling and distinctive shape of the cranium near its midpoint strongly resemble early H.
The Danakil cranium is missing its base, a repository of clues regarding the hominid's vocal tract structure and speech capacities.
These include an angling of the cranium that produced a bony ridge at the top of the head, thick cranial bones, a cleft in the bone just behind the ear and a plateau-like bony swelling at the back of the head.