The most prevalent are spina bifida and anencephaly and also include encephalocele, craniorachischisis
, and iniencephaly (Kondo, Kamihira, & Ozawa, 2009).
1,2,3,4) Sirenomelia with Craniorachischisis
Totalis (CT) is a rare fetal malformation.
Prenatal diagnosis of pentalogy of cantrell with craniorachischisis
by three-dimensional ultrasonography in the first trimester.
6% secondary Neural tube Craniorachischisis
92 23,513 0.
Transvaginal sonographic diagnosis of iniencephaly apertus and craniorachischisis
at 9 weeks' gestation.
An apparent teratogenic effect was associated with both ionic liquids, with only the offspring of treated mice exhibiting certain uncommon morphological defects, such as craniorachischisis
, ectopia cordis, and ablepharia.
The craniorachischisis (contiguous opening of brain and spinal column; included in anencephaly) rate in the border counties was 0.
In addition, the overall Texas-Mexico border rate for craniorachischisis was 0.
To be sure, anencephalic infants with complete craniorachischisis
or severe brainstem maldevelopment cannot experience consciousness or suffering.