craniopagus


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craniopagus

 [kra″ne-op´ah-gus]
conjoined twins that are joined at the skull.

cra·ni·op·a·gus

(krā-nē-op'ă-gus),
A type of conjoined twin united on any portion of the cranial vault or calvarium not involving the foramen magnum, skull base, face, or vertebrae. The juncture is rarely symmetric and may involve the entire head or only a portion and may include the meninges, venous sinuses, and the cerebral cortex. Infinite variations exist in both axial and rotational orientation. Type 1, twins are facing the same direction; type 2, twins are facing the opposite direction; type 3, twins are facing 90° from one another.
[cranio- + G. pagos, something fixed]

craniopagus

[krā′nē·op′əgəs]
Etymology: Gk, kranion + pagos, fixed
conjoined twins united at the heads. Fusion can occur at the frontal, occipital, or parietal region. Also called cephalopagus.

craniopagus

a double monster joined at the head; called also cephalopagus.
References in periodicals archive ?
One in two and a half million live births are craniopagus and, according to documented medical history, the Aguirre boys were among the first set of twins to undergo a successfully staged separation.
However, this is the first time surgeons have tried to separate adult craniopagus twins.
Carson led a team of doctors in South Africa in the first completely successful separation of vertical craniopagus twins from Zambia.
He made medical history in 1987 when he became the first surgeon to successfully separate occipital craniopagus twins, and was involved in several other subsequent separations.
It was the first time surgeons had attempted to separate adult craniopagus twins - siblings born joined at the head - since the operation was first performed on infants in 1952.
It was the first time surgeons had attempted to separate adult craniopagus twins -siblings born joined at the head -since the operation was first performed on infants in 1952.
In July of this year, surgeons and medical professions at the UCLA Mattel Children's Hospital were faced with a unique and complex problem--the separation of craniopagus twins.
Craniopagus twins - joined at the head - are the rarest form of conjoined twins.
Conjoined twins who are attached only at the upper part of the skull are called craniopagus twins.
Felicia and partner, Brendan Hogan, 26, from Vernon in British Columbia, Canada, found out the twins had a condition known as Craniopagus when she was five months pregnant.
In 1987, he gained worldwide recognition as the principal surgeon in the 22-hour separation of the Binder Siamese twins from Germany This was the first time occipital craniopagus twins had been separated with both surviving.
Rebeca was born with the partial head of her undeveloped twin, a condition known as craniopagus parasitic us.