craniology


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cra·ni·ol·o·gy

(krā'nē-ol'ō-jē),
The science concerned with variations in size, shape, and proportion of the cranium, especially with the variations characterizing the different races of humans.
[cranio- + G. logos, study]

craniology

(krā′nē-ŏl′ə-jē)
n.
The scientific study of the characteristics of the skull, such as size and shape, especially in humans.

cra′ni·o·log′i·cal (-ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl) adj.
cra′ni·o·log′i·cal·ly adv.
cra′ni·ol′o·gist n.

craniology

[krā′nē·ol′əjē,]
the study of the shape, size, proportions, and other features of the human skull. It is usually associated with anthropological research.

cra·ni·ol·o·gy

(krānē-olŏ-jē)
The science concerned with variations in size, shape, and proportion of the cranium, especially with the variations characterizing the different races of humans.

cra·ni·ol·o·gy

(krānē-olŏ-jē)
The science concerned with variations in size, shape, and proportion of the cranium.
References in periodicals archive ?
While phrenology may be allied with craniology and scientific racism in our historical imaginary, African Americans, women, and others excluded from the national body politic latched onto phrenology as a radically inclusive, if even democratic science throughout the antebellum period.
For Douglas, craniology offered little about the human state, and it was not until the 1890s that anthropological scholars began sorting humans by language and cultural context, not by skull shape and size.
Wishing to remove herself from an embarrassing situation, the distraught Linda tries to phones Allan's friend, Geoffrey Fisher (John Pankow), a researcher in craniology, who is absent from his office.
Bertillon pointed out that his methods were based on Quetelet's binomial curve and also identified his activities with those of Paul Broca, who had steered anthropology in a medical direction which made use of quantification with his statistical craniology.
Racism and anti-Semitism also permeated biology and `racial science' textbooks which aimed to point out to children the distinctions between the `Aryan' race and `inferior' races, for example, by means of craniology.
For more see Stephen Jay Gould, "Measuring Heads: Paul Broca the Heyday of Craniology," in The Mismeasure of Man, (New York, 1981), 73-112; Anne Harrington, Medicine, Mind, and the Double Brain: A Study in Nineteenth-Century Thought (Princeton, 1987), 87-90.
Faced with this situation, physical anthropology can use mutually supporting data from craniology, serology, odontology, or dermatology to affirm the physical unity of the nation.
Marlow's pre-voyage head measurements are statistics for an ominous craniology experiment, certainly.
which itself was predicated on the pseudo-sciences of eugenics and craniology that saw their major development during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.