cranial

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cranial

 [kra´ne-al]
pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body; in humans, a synonym of superior.
cranial nerves nerves that are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull; see anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. The one exception is the vagus nerve, which extends down to serve structures in the chest and abdomen. Some of the cranial nerves are both sensory and motor (controlling motion as well as conducting sensory impulses), while others are either only sensory or only motor.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl),
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad. Synonym(s): cranialis [TA], cephalic
2. Synonym(s): superior (1)

cranial

/cra·ni·al/ (-al)
1. pertaining to the cranium.
2. toward the head end of the body; a synonym of superior in humans and other bipeds.

cranial

(krā′nē-əl)
adj.
Of or relating to the skull or cranium.

cra′ni·al·ly adv.

cranial

See cranium.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
Synonym(s): cephalic.
2. Synonym(s): superior (2) . See also: cephalad

cranial (krāˑ·nē·l),

adj positioned over or toward the cranium. Also called
superior or
cephalic.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad
Synonym(s): cephalic.

cranial

pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body. See also anterior, cranium.

cranial intestinal portal
the entrance into the embryonic foregut from the expanded midgut.
cranial nerve reflexes
see specific nerves.
cranial nerves
nerves which are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. See also specific nerves and Table 14.
cranial tibial reflex
percussing just below the lateral tibial condyle (cranial tibial muscle) normally causes a slight flexion of the tibiotarsal joint. A test of the integrity of spinal cord segments L6 to S2, sciatic and peroneal nerves. Exaggerated in spinal cord lesions above L6.
cranial tumor
see brain tumors.
cranial vena cava
see Table 15.

Patient discussion about cranial

Q. I need help with a delicate topic. My neice was diagnoised with Cranial Transannular Where he forehead was once as normal, now it has a forming point in the center to make it look as though her skull is shrinking inward. Please anyone help with any information you may have

A. your question troubled me... from what i know of bone development - what you say can very much happen but i never heard of a case like that.and i looked a bit about maybe some information about it, but i'm pretty sure that the name you gave is not the disease that she has, it's just a description. Cranial means skull, Trans means cross over and Annular means ring. but if you'll find the right name, or if it is really the real name, here is a bit of places you might find information-

http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec05.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about cranial
References in periodicals archive ?
Cerebral retrograde injection has even been shown to be impossible in humans (35), in agreement with the lack of cerebral symptoms during clinical use of cranially directed catheters in the present study.
29] Gibbs, Lennox, and Gibbs described the importance of using proper technique to insert the needle as cranially as possible in the jugular bulb to reduce the likelihood of extracerebral contamination.
Letterman dropped junk from 20 stories up just to watch it explode on impact, crushed stuff in an industrial vice to revel in its implosion, and introduced to the world Calvert DeForest, a pudgy, talent-free performer who many initially feared was cranially challenged thanks to his barking out his lines like a poorly trained seal.
The characteristic pattern of the species is visible cranially by day 10, and within three days, the rows of spots extended laterally and over the length of the dorsum.
1, part A), and the posterior rectus sheath was cranially incised (forward) to allow one finger to go through easily.
On evaluation of the radiographic images, the mass origin was not detectable in the coelomic cavity, although the liver appeared displaced dorsally (lateral view) and cranially (ventrodorsal view) (Fig 1).
The thoracic duct arises from the cisterna chyli in the right abdomen, crosses the diaphragm, and courses cranially just right of the midline.
Traction, of up to 6 kg cranially and 7 kg on each leg, was applied gradually and under continuous neurological supervision.
It revealed a long tract extending from the skin surface and traveling up posteriorly and cranially, entering the lateral wall of the oropharynx in the tonsillar bed.
A 2 cm median incision was made through the skin, beginning caudal to the prepuce and extending cranially.