osteotomy

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osteotomy

 [os″te-ot´ah-me]
incision or transection of a bone.
cuneiform osteotomy removal of a wedge of bone.
displacement osteotomy surgical division of a bone and shifting of the divided ends to change the alignment of the bone or to alter weight-bearing stresses.
Le Fort osteotomy transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla; the incision for each of the three types (Le Fort I, II, and III o's) is placed along the line defined by the corresponding Le Fort's fracture.
linear osteotomy the sawing or simple cutting of a bone.
sagittal split osteotomy surgically splitting the ramus of the mandible sagitally and shifting the positions of the parts, performed to correct prognathism.

os·te·ot·o·my

(os'tē-ot'ŏ-mē),
Cutting a bone, usually by means of a saw or osteotome.
[osteo- + G. tomē, incision]

osteotomy

/os·te·ot·o·my/ (os″te-ot´ah-me) incision or transection of a bone.
cuneiform osteotomy  removal of a wedge of bone.
displacement osteotomy  surgical division of a bone and shifting of the divided ends to change the alignment of the bone or to alter weight-bearing stresses.
Le Fort osteotomy  transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla; the incision for each of the three types (Le Fort I, II, and III o's) is placed along the line defined by the corresponding Le Fort fracture.
Le Fort III osteotomy.
linear osteotomy  the sawing or linear cutting of a bone.
sandwich osteotomy  a surgical procedure for augmenting an atrophic mandible, resembling a visor osteotomy but having a horizontal split confined between the mental foramina.
visor osteotomy  a surgical technique for augmenting an atrophic mandible, in which the mandible is split sagitally and the cranial fragment is slid upward and supported with grafts.

osteotomy

(ŏs′tē-ŏt′ə-mē)
n. pl. osteoto·mies
Surgical division or sectioning of bone.

os′te·ot′o·mist n.

osteotomy

[os′tē·ot′əmē]
Etymology: Gk, osteon + temnein, to cut
the sawing or cutting of a bone. Kinds of osteotomy include block osteotomy, in which a section of bone is excised; cuneiform osteotomy to remove a bone wedge; and displacement osteotomy, in which a bone is redesigned surgically to alter the alignment or weight-bearing stress areas.

os·te·ot·o·my

(os'tē-ot'ŏ-mē)
Cutting a bone, usually by means of a saw or chisel.
[osteo- + G. tomē, incision]

osteotomy

Surgical cutting or sectioning of bone.

osteotomy

surgical division of a bone to achieve realignment. Used to encourage healing, e.g. in a poorly aligned healed fracture, or to reduce pain in osteoarthritis.

osteotomy

cutting through bone (with saw or chisel) to achieve bone realignment
  • angled osteotomy angulation of bone cut (in relation to frontal plane) to lengthen or shorten a bone

  • basal osteotomy at base, or within proximal one-third of a bone

  • capital osteotomy at neck or within distal one-third of a bone

  • closing-wedge osteotomy excision of bone wedge to allow distal bone realignment

  • metatarsal osteotomy e.g. of first or lesser metatarsal

  • opening-wedge osteotomy insertion of bone wedge to allow distal bone realignment

os·te·ot·o·my

(os'tē-ot'ŏ-mē)
Cutting a bone.
[osteo- + G. tomē, incision]

osteotomy (os´tēot´əmē),

n the surgical cutting or transection of a bone.

osteotomy

incision or transection of a bone.

bulla osteotomy
a surgical procedure that drains the middle ear cavity, usually in the treatment of otitis media. Several different techniques may be used to penetrate the ventral or lateral portion of the tympanic bulla.
cuneiform osteotomy
removal of a wedge of bone.
cranial tibial wedge osteotomy
a wedge of bone is removed from below the tibial crest to reshape the slope of the tibial plateau. Used in the treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture.
displacement osteotomy
surgical division of a bone and shifting of the divided ends to change the alignment of the bone or to alter weight-bearing stresses.
linear osteotomy
the sawing or simple cutting of a bone.
pelvic osteotomy
a surgical technique used to reposition the acetabulum; used in the treatment of hip dysplasia in dogs. Involves an osteotomy of the ilium, ischium and pubis, that is, triple pelvic osteotomy.
tibial plateau leveling osteotomy
a patented orthopedic technique for treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture. The slope of the tibial plateau is reduced causing tibial forces on the stifle joint to shift from cranial to caudal with a greater reliance on the caudal cruciate ligament for stability.
wedge osteotomy
see cuneiform osteotomy (above).