cranial electrotherapy stimulation


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A technique in which electrodes are placed on or near the ears to pass low level—less than that used in electroshock therapy—electricity through the brain; the person is awake and alert; CES can relieve anxiety for limited periods, through an unknown mechanism, and is an adjunct to anxiolytics and/or psychotherapy
Side effects Headache, lightheadedness, skin irritation Contraindications History of epilepsy or seizures

cranial electrotherapy stimulation

NET, neuroelectric therapy, TCET,
transcranial electrotherapy Psychiatry A maneuver in which electrodes are placed on or near the ears to pass low level–less than that used in electroshock therapy–electricity through the brain; the person is awake and alert; CES can relieve anxiety for limited periods, though an unknown mechanism, and is an adjunct to anxiolytics and/or psychotherapy Side effects Headache, lightheadedness, skin irritation Contraindications Hx of epilepsy or seizures. Cf Electroconvulsive therapy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation was also shown to significantly decrease insomnia and depression (Table 2).
The Science Behind Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation.
Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on resting state brain activity.
Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES) involves the use of the Alpha Stim 100[R], a small hand held device that delivers small electrical pulses, one milliampere (mA) or less, directly to the brain.
In 1974, the FDA funded a safety study of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation by the National Research Council's Division of Medical Sciences.
Felipe Fregni, a top neuroscientist at Harvard Medical School, published a recent (2009) article comparing alternative current (AC) and direct current (DC) forms of Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation in a paper entitled "Noninvasive brain stimulation with low-intensity electrical currents, putative mechanisms of action to direct and alternating current stimulation," which you can download and read at the Fisher Wallace website, www.
Efficacy of cranial electrotherapy stimulation, as described herein and documented in over 126 clinical studies, appears to have many applications worthy of immediate widespread application.
Kirsch DL The Science Behind Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation.
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is a noninvasive technique used for treating various conditions.
Abbreviations: ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association, BPI = Brief Pain Inventory, CES = cranial electrotherapy stimulation, MEDVAMC = Michael E.
He is the author of two books on CES: The Science Behind Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation, 2nd ed.
Interestingly, Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation is actually very safe compared to most medication.