cranial


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Related to cranial: Cranial nerves, Cranial capacity, Cranial bones, Cranial Sacral therapy

cranial

 [kra´ne-al]
pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body; in humans, a synonym of superior.
cranial nerves nerves that are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull; see anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. The one exception is the vagus nerve, which extends down to serve structures in the chest and abdomen. Some of the cranial nerves are both sensory and motor (controlling motion as well as conducting sensory impulses), while others are either only sensory or only motor.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl),
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad. Synonym(s): cranialis [TA], cephalic
2. Synonym(s): superior (1)

cranial

/cra·ni·al/ (-al)
1. pertaining to the cranium.
2. toward the head end of the body; a synonym of superior in humans and other bipeds.

cranial

(krā′nē-əl)
adj.
Of or relating to the skull or cranium.

cra′ni·al·ly adv.

cranial

See cranium.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
Synonym(s): cephalic.
2. Synonym(s): superior (2) . See also: cephalad

cranial (krāˑ·nē·l),

adj positioned over or toward the cranium. Also called
superior or
cephalic.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad
Synonym(s): cephalic.

cranial

pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body. See also anterior, cranium.

cranial intestinal portal
the entrance into the embryonic foregut from the expanded midgut.
cranial nerve reflexes
see specific nerves.
cranial nerves
nerves which are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. See also specific nerves and Table 14.
cranial tibial reflex
percussing just below the lateral tibial condyle (cranial tibial muscle) normally causes a slight flexion of the tibiotarsal joint. A test of the integrity of spinal cord segments L6 to S2, sciatic and peroneal nerves. Exaggerated in spinal cord lesions above L6.
cranial tumor
see brain tumors.
cranial vena cava
see Table 15.

Patient discussion about cranial

Q. I need help with a delicate topic. My neice was diagnoised with Cranial Transannular Where he forehead was once as normal, now it has a forming point in the center to make it look as though her skull is shrinking inward. Please anyone help with any information you may have

A. your question troubled me... from what i know of bone development - what you say can very much happen but i never heard of a case like that.and i looked a bit about maybe some information about it, but i'm pretty sure that the name you gave is not the disease that she has, it's just a description. Cranial means skull, Trans means cross over and Annular means ring. but if you'll find the right name, or if it is really the real name, here is a bit of places you might find information-

http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec05.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about cranial
References in periodicals archive ?
It will break down, but by the time it does the joint capsule has scarred enough to help limit the cranial drawer motion.
Benefits of Cranial Osteopathy for the Lyme Patient
On evaluation there was still some restriction of the cranial and spinal membrane system and right trapezius muscle.
The Cranial Equity Loan was written over a four-month respite from work on The 89TH Temple, a novel of bullying and teen suicide set in Japan.
Functional organization of the sensory systems, somatic motor system, visceral motor system and cranial nerves are subjected in the second, third, fourth and fifth sections, respectively.
Archaeological excavations on the southern Cape coast have revealed 3 cases of antemortem cranial injury in LSA foragers; all subjects survived their insults and lived for some time afterwards.
All babies cry but most settle, so without a controlled trial, it's difficult to judge the effect of cranial osteopathy.
Patients reported to have Garcin's syndrome do not always have unilateral palsies of all cranial nerves; thus, this syndrome was redefined as the presence of at least seven ipsilateral cranial nerve palsies.
2002), demonstrating the origin and distribution of the mesenteric artery in dogs, reported that the cranial mesenteric artery was originated in the ventral portion of the descending abdominal aorta in all preparations (100%) and released the left adrenal branches and the right pancreatic ones, as well as the caudal pancreaticoduodenal arteries and the middle and left colic, as well as also the ileocolic artery.
Natural habitats of various dytiscid species may include prey components that are unique to their specific microhabitats and these differences in prey regimes are reflected in the variation in larval cranial morphology (5), (6).
A recent study looked at eliminating prophylactic doses of cranial irradiation for the 20%-25% of patients at high risk for relapse.
In the case of the current flight-deck cranial, what was good enough for maintainers' heads and hearing protection in the 1950s no longer is good enough to keep them safe in 2009.