cranial


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

cranial

 [kra´ne-al]
pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body; in humans, a synonym of superior.
cranial nerves nerves that are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull; see anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. The one exception is the vagus nerve, which extends down to serve structures in the chest and abdomen. Some of the cranial nerves are both sensory and motor (controlling motion as well as conducting sensory impulses), while others are either only sensory or only motor.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl),
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad. Synonym(s): cranialis [TA], cephalic
2. Synonym(s): superior (1)

cranial

/cra·ni·al/ (-al)
1. pertaining to the cranium.
2. toward the head end of the body; a synonym of superior in humans and other bipeds.

cranial

(krā′nē-əl)
adj.
Of or relating to the skull or cranium.

cra′ni·al·ly adv.

cranial

See cranium.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
1. Relating to the cranium or head.
Synonym(s): cephalic.
2. Synonym(s): superior (2) . See also: cephalad

cranial (krāˑ·nē·l),

adj positioned over or toward the cranium. Also called
superior or
cephalic.

cra·ni·al

(krā'nē-ăl)
Relating to the cranium or head.
See also: cephalad
Synonym(s): cephalic.

cranial

pertaining to the cranium or to the head end of the body. See also anterior, cranium.

cranial intestinal portal
the entrance into the embryonic foregut from the expanded midgut.
cranial nerve reflexes
see specific nerves.
cranial nerves
nerves which are attached to the brain and pass through the openings of the skull. There are 12 pairs of cranial nerves, symmetrically arranged so that they are distributed mainly to the structures of the head and neck. See also specific nerves and Table 14.
cranial tibial reflex
percussing just below the lateral tibial condyle (cranial tibial muscle) normally causes a slight flexion of the tibiotarsal joint. A test of the integrity of spinal cord segments L6 to S2, sciatic and peroneal nerves. Exaggerated in spinal cord lesions above L6.
cranial tumor
see brain tumors.
cranial vena cava
see Table 15.

Patient discussion about cranial

Q. I need help with a delicate topic. My neice was diagnoised with Cranial Transannular Where he forehead was once as normal, now it has a forming point in the center to make it look as though her skull is shrinking inward. Please anyone help with any information you may have

A. your question troubled me... from what i know of bone development - what you say can very much happen but i never heard of a case like that.and i looked a bit about maybe some information about it, but i'm pretty sure that the name you gave is not the disease that she has, it's just a description. Cranial means skull, Trans means cross over and Annular means ring. but if you'll find the right name, or if it is really the real name, here is a bit of places you might find information-

http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec05.html

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bonediseases.html

Q. Is there any problem, if an arachnoid cyst ,2cmx1.5cm size, rostral to cerebellar region left untreated? symptoms: repeated headaches, twitching of muscles, tiredness

A. An arachnoid cyst that leads to symptoms usually needs treatment. Mild symptoms as you suggested are ok to left untreated however gradual onset of new symptoms may arise such as seizures, paralysis and other complications, therefore once symptoms occur one should consider treatment.

More discussions about cranial
References in periodicals archive ?
The seventh and sixth cranial nerves are the most commonly affected cranial nerves.
Cranial Nerve Lymphomatosis Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in a Case of Mantle Cell Lymphoma.
3 Titanium mini-plates have been employed for cranial bone flap fixation with excellent results over the years.
Two individuals, working independently, estimated the cranial capacity volume and recorded cranial measurements for each skull.
Basic demographic data of the group who had not undergone cranial ultrasound were compared with the final study sample that had undergone ultrasound to establish if the selected sample was random.
A follow-up CT after cranial surgery should primarily be indicated on clinical grounds rather than on routine basis.
Every OSSDSIGN Cranial implant is made to each patient's unique requirements based on the patient's computer tomography (CT) information.
Effects of cranial electrotherapy stimulation on resting state brain activity.
Cranial capacity can be calculated as per the formula given below.
A 4Pi algorithm developed at Dalhousie University, Canada, and licensed exclusively to Brainlab, will support personalised treatment planning in the upcoming Brainlab Elements Cranial SRS software.
Published July 8 in Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, the most recent study demonstrates how the use of transparent YSZ may allow doctors to combat bacterial infections, which are a leading reason for cranial implant failure.
CMF devices are used to repair and reconstruct the cranial and facial fractures.