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cramp

 [kramp]
a painful spasmodic muscular contraction.
heat cramp spasm accompanied by pain, weak pulse, and dilated pupils; seen in workers in intense heat.
recumbency c's cramping in the muscles of the lower limbs and feet occurring while resting or during light sleep.
writers' cramp a muscle cramp in the hand caused by excessive use in writing.

cramp

(kramp),
1. A painful muscle spasm caused by prolonged tetanic contraction.
2. A localized muscle spasm related to occupational use, classified according to the occupation of the sufferer; for example, seamstress's cramp, writer's cramp.
[M.E. crampe, fr. O.Fr., fr. Germanic]

cramp

(kramp) a painful spasmodic muscular contraction.
heat cramp  spasm with pain, weak pulse, and dilated pupils; seen in workers in intense heat.
recumbency cramps  cramping in legs and feet occurring while resting or during light sleep.
writers' cramp  a muscle cramp in the hand caused by excessive use in writing.

cramp

(krămp)
n.
1. An involuntary, spasmodic muscle contraction causing severe pain.
2. A temporary partial paralysis of habitually or excessively used muscles.
3. cramps Spasmodic contractions of the uterus, such as those occurring during menstruation or labor, usually causing pain in the abdomen that may radiate to the lower back and thighs.
v. cramped, cramping, cramps
v.tr.
To affect with or as if with a cramp.
v.intr.
To suffer from or experience cramps.

cramp

Etymology: AS, crammian, to fill
1 a spasmodic and often painful contraction of one or more muscles.
2 a pain resembling a muscular cramp. Kinds of cramps include heat cramp and writer's cramp. See also charley horse, dysmenorrhea, torticollis.
A painful, involuntary muscle spasm

cramp

Medtalk A painful, involuntary muscle spasm. See Heat cramp, Menstrual cramp, Pianist's cramp, Word-processor's cramp, Writer's cramp.

cramp

(kramp)
1. A painful muscle spasm caused by an involuntary muscular contraction.
2. A localized muscle spasm related to occupational use, qualified according to the occupation of the sufferer (e.g., writer's cramp).
See also: dysmenorrhea
[M.E. crampe, fr. O.Fr., fr. Germanic]

cramp

Powerful, sustained and painful contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles. The pain persists until the contraction eases off. Cramp may be caused by salt deficiency. The cause of the common night cramps is obscure. See also WRITER'S CRAMP.

cramp

specific form of spasm: involuntary, sustained and painful muscle contraction, particularly in the legs, often associated with fatigue and usually relieved by stretching. exercise-associated muscle cramp (EAMC) occurs mainly during or after prolonged or high-intensity running; formerly blamed on salt and/or water deficiency or overheating, but more recently attributed to fatigue-enhanced input from muscle spindles that overactivates spinal motor neurons, whilst suppressing the Golgi tendon organs which are normally inhibitory. nocturnal cramp occasionally disturbing sleep, particularly in older people; remains unexplained.

cramp

sudden, painful, severe muscle spasm

cramp

(kramp)
A painful muscle spasm caused by prolonged tetanic contraction.
[M.E. crampe, fr. O.Fr., fr. Germanic]

cramp

a painful spasmodic muscular contraction.

Greyhound cramp
muscle spasms, particularly in the hindlegs, usually in unfit dogs, with excessive excitement, or high environmental temperatures.
heat cramp
a form of equine colic after vigorous exercise with heavy sweating. Caused by electrolyte loss. Signs include muscle tremor and rigidity.
raptor cramp
hypocalcemic, tetanic convulsions in raptor birds caused by a dietary deficiency of calcium.
Scottie cramp, Scotch cramp
an inherited defect in Scottish terriers that occurs as hyperkinetic episodes from an early age, but may only be precipitated by exercise or excitement. Some dogs show the disorder only infrequently during their otherwise normal lives. Affected dogs become stiff with hyperextension of the limbs which may prevent walking or cause brief cessation of respiratory movements. Caused by a deficiency of serotonin.

Patient discussion about cramp

Q. What are muscle cramps caused from? I am a 30 year old woman and am pregnant. I keep on getting a muscle cramps on the back on my lower leg. It really hurts! What is causing it and how can I prevent it?

A. You can get muscle cramps almost anywhere in your body during pregnancy, but the most common site is your calves. Although the spasms may only last a short time, they can be very severe.
No one knows for certain what causes leg cramps in pregnancy, though there are some theories: Deficiencies in salt, calcium, magnesium and vitamin C or changes in blood circulation.
To prevent it make sure to stretch your muscles before bed and if you do get a cramp, immediately stretch your calf muscles: Straighten your leg, heel first, and gently flex your toes back toward your shins. It might hurt at first, but it will ease the spasm and the pain will gradually go away.

Q. What causes cramps in, under and around the rib cage?

A. Im not really sure, but you may have IBS. Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS affects up to 55 million Americans, mostly women. IBS causes are unknown. IBS symptoms include diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal cramps. There are IBS treatments such as diet and lifestyle changes and medications that can help. Do you have any of these symptoms? Almost everything that i found with rib cage pain said something about IBS. Not really sure if this is your problem, but I hope this helps.

Q. How to prevent leg cramps? Every night I get terrible leg cramps that wake me up from my sleep. This only started happening during my pregnancy. How can I stop it from happening?

A. You can try to prevent night cramps by wearing socks to bed or by pressing your foot against the bed board. If the painful cramps continue, ask your doctor about calcium or magnesium supplements as they can sometimes help.

More discussions about cramp
References in periodicals archive ?
If you took a 10-hours car journey back home you`d feel much the same -- having been up all night in cramped conditions, all of the environmental things.
The 117-bed, 600-employee hospital is on a small, cramped site and could cost $31 million to be brought up to the new state earthquake standards that take effect in 2008.
MILLIONS of long-haul flight passengers can sue their airlines for cramped seating after a landmark legal ruling made yesterday.
Less than six months after launching a Web site that is changing the way private practices and ambulatory treatment centers purchase medical, surgical and pharmaceutical supplies, the company is trading in its cramped offices of 4,500 square feet in Seattle's Pioneer Square neighborhood for a 26,000-square-foot building of its own on nearby Capitol Hill.
He cramped up during a drill when USC coach Pete Carroll told the team to head to the sideline if they heard sirens go off.
Changing Mariposa School's schedule with the school year starting next July will help ease cramped campus conditions and alleviate overcrowding in other eastside schools, primarily at Linda Verde School.
There were no signs of any blister Thursday, but Valdes was removed after seven innings and only 88 pitches because his right hamstring cramped up.
By the time Capel hit the finish line, with Floyd Heard and Coby Miller close behind, Johnson was lying back on the curve, grimacing in pain from a cramped left hamstring, and Greene was limping 50 meters further up the track, also a victim of a spasming hamstring.
Not only have officers left behind the cramped quarters, but also the stuffy atmosphere.
Community residents complained for years about cramped conditions at the Moorpark Library, so they raised $85,000 to help double the size.
I've never cramped up like this before the age of 47 (I am 48).