coxsackievirus


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Related to coxsackievirus: herpangina, Coxsackievirus B

coxsackievirus

 [kok-sak´e-vi″rus]
any member of a heterogeneous group of enteroviruses; in humans one species causes a disease resembling poliomyelitis but without paralysis. Called also Coxsackie virus.

Cox·sack·ie·vi·rus

(kok-sak'ē-vī'rŭs),
A group of picornaviruses, included in the genus Enterovirus, of icosahedral shape, stable at acid pH, and about 28 nm in diameter, causing myositis, paralysis, and death in young mice, and responsible for a variety of diseases in humans, although inapparent infections are common. They are divided antigenically into two groups, A and B, each of which includes serologic types, for example, Enterovirus coxsackie A1 to 24 and Enterovirus coxsackie B1 to 6. Type A viruses cause human herpangina and hand-foot-and-mouth disease; type B viruses cause epidemic pleurodynia; both type viruses may cause aseptic meningitis, myocarditis and pericarditis, and Type 1 diabetes.
[Coxsackie, N.Y., where first isolated]

coxsackievirus

/cox·sack·ie·vi·rus/ (kok-sak´e-vi″rus) one of a group of viruses producing, in humans, a disease resembling poliomyelitis, but without paralysis.

coxsackievirus

also

Coxsackie virus

(ko͝ok-sä′kē-vī′rəs, kŏk-săk′ē-)
n.
Any of a group of enteroviruses that are associated with a variety of diseases, including meningitis, myocarditis, and pericarditis, and primarily affect children during the summer months.

cox·sack·ie·vi·rus, Cox·sack·ie vi·rus

(kok-sak'ē-vī'rŭs)
A group of picornaviruses causing myositis, paralysis, and death in young mice, and responsible for a variety of diseases in humans, although inapparent infections are common. They are divided antigenically into two groups, A and B, each of which includes a number of serologic types. Type A viruses cause herpangina and hand-foot-and-mouth disease; type B viruses cause epidemic pleurodynia; both type viruses may cause aseptic meningitis, myocarditis and pericarditis, and acute onset juvenile diabetes.
[Coxsackie, N.Y., where virus first isolated]

Coxsackievirus

Any of a group of enteroviruses that produce a disease in humans characterized by fever and rash. Coxsackieviruses are named for the town in upstate New York where they were first identified.

Coxsackie,

city in New York where virus was first isolated.
coxsackie encephalitus - a viral encephalitis caused by Enterovirus human coxsackie B.
coxsackievirus - a group of picornaviruses. Synonym(s): coxsackie virus
coxsackie virus - Synonym(s): coxsackievirus

coxsackievirus

one of a heterogeneous group of enteroviruses of humans; recovered from dogs with mild diarrhea. Called also Coxsackie virus. Coxsackievirus B7 is related antigenically to swine vesicular disease virus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coxsackievirus A16/A24v and adenovirus were determined using a real-time PCR kit (DaAn Gene Co.
Besides its antiviral effect against HRV 14 Bioaron C[R] was tested against another member of the picornaviridae, the nonenveloped plus strand RNA virus: coxsackievirus subtype A9 (CA9).
Coxsackievirus A6 and hand, foot and mouth disease, Finland.
A coxsackievirus A24 causing AHC was first isolated in Singapore in 1970, (31) and outbreaks were then reported in America and in the Caribbean after 15 years of being dormant in south-east Asia.
The catamnestic observation during the first year of life has established persistence of the majority of viruses, detected in children in the neonatal period including cardiotropic coxsackieviruses type 1-5 and coxsackievirus A13 (Ulitskiy and Chukhovina, 2001).
Other subjects are the beneficial effects of green tea polyphenols for Sjogren's syndrome, Coxsackievirus B3-induced autoimmune heart disease, autoantibody profiles of an asbestos-exposed population, and shared variable domain elements among anti-collagen antibodies reactive with Goodpasture epitopes.
Coxsackievirus B4 alters pancreatic glutamate decarboxylase expression in mice soon after infection.
About 90% of cases of viral meningitis are caused by members of a group of viruses known as enteroviruses, such as coxsackievirus.
Inhibition of coxsackievirus B4 replication in stably transfected cells expressing human MxA protein.
In mice, certain strains of coxsackievirus are benign until mice are fed alcohol; then they develop "severe, rip-roaring, and lethal pancreatitis," he said.