cowpox virus

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Related to cowpox virus: smallpox virus, Monkeypox virus, vaccinia virus

cow·pox vi·rus

a virus of the genus Orthopoxvirus that causes cowpox.


a benign, contagious disease of cows characterized by the appearance of pox lesions on the teat and udder skin. The causative virus is in the genus Orthopoxvirus. Typical lesions are a patch of erythema, then a papule, followed by a vesicle, then a pustule and finally a scab. The disease is transmissible to humans and is now rare.

cowpox virus
a poxvirus which is antigenically distinct from vaccinia virus and pseudocowpox virus. The characteristics of the virus are otherwise identical with the vaccinia virus. See also vaccinia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Amplification of 'variola virus-specific' sequences in German cowpox virus isolates.
Cowpox virus outbreak in banded mongooses (Mungos mungo) and jaguarundis (Herpailurus yagouaroundi) with a time-delayed infection to humans.
Samples of lung tissue from the untreated mice contained heavy viral loads, whereas tissue from mice given HDP-CDV had nearly undetectable cowpox virus.
The phylogenetic tree shows that the llama hemagglutinin sequence is identical to clusters with the cowpox virus strains isolated in Germany in 2008 (CPXV-MonKre08/1-2-3) (Figure 2).
Cowpox virus was first isolated from felid species--lions (Panthera leo), cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus), black panthers (Panthera pardus), ocelots (Leopardus pardalis), jaguars (Panthera onca), pumas (Felis concolor), leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis), Pallas cat (Otocolobus manul), and domestic cat (Felis catus)-during an outbreak in the Moscow Zoo in 1973-1974 (11) and subsequently from 3 cheetahs in Whipsnade Park, England, in 1977 (12).
Recombinant viruses obtained from co-infection in vitro with a live vaccinia-vectored influenza vaccine and a naturally occurring cowpox virus display different plaque phenotypes and loss of the transgene.
I did try to take a picture of a painting of the cow that had infected Sarah Nelms with the cowpox virus, which in turn was transferred to James Phipps.
Cowpox virus is relatively common in Europe and Asia, causes a limited exanthema, and does not often cause death of previously healthy persons.
Cowpox virus can also be transmitted to humans by contact with cats (28).
The PCR used unambiguously differentiates CTGV-related infections from other orthopoxvirus diseases, including cowpox virus and several VACV strains (6).
Cowpox virus (CPXV) belongs to the family Poxviridae, genus Orthopoxvirus (OPV), and is closely related to other species, such as variola virus, vaccinia virus (VV), and monkeypox virus.
Cowpox virus (CPXV) is a member of the family Poxviridae, genus Orthopoxvirus.