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The OTC preparations are formulated with low concentrations of various drug mixtures, such as local anesthetics, vasoconstrictors, astringents, antiseptics, emollients/protectants, counterirritants, keratolytics, and wound healing agents.
The OTC preparations are formulated with low concentrations of various drug mixtures, such as local anesthetics, vasoconstrictors, astringents, antiseptics, emollients / protectants, counterirritants, keratolytics, and wound healing agents.
9) Since antihistamines do not benefit atopic-related pruritus, other options include emollients, counterirritants such as menthol/camphor or capsaicin, EMLA cream, topical pramoxine, topical corticosteroids, topical doxepin, topical immunomodulators such as pimecrolimus or tacrolimus, topical aspirin, and phototherapy with psoralen ultraviolet A-range (PUVA).
But the treatment of the disease by the physicians of 1832 was to use counterirritants and astringents, which only made the patient worse.
The exact mechanism by which they may relieve pain is not known, but they may help block pain signals by stimulating other nerve fibers--thus these ingredients are sometimes called counterirritants.
The epidemic of diabetes is among factors driving sales of over-the-counter pain relievers at a time in which recalls of some O-T-C analgesics brands and frustration with topical remedies that rely on counterirritants are fueling interest in natural alternatives.
Among the most popular non-prescription topical pain relievers are counterirritants, or rubefacients, used to treat minor muscle and joint aches and pains.
Furthermore, there are problems using topical ointments with menthol, camphor, and/or other counterirritants.
And often these products use such counterirritants as menthol, methyl salicylate and camphor, which mask the sensation of pain by causing the skin to feel hot or cold.
Most other topical analgesics, by contrast, "just serve as counterirritants.