counterclaim

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Related to counterclaimant: Claimants

counterclaim

Etymology: L, contra, against, clamere, to cry out
(in law) a claim made by a defendant establishing a cause for action in his or her favor against a plaintiff. The purpose of a counterclaim is to oppose or detract from a plaintiff's claim or complaint.
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jurisdictions held that a counterclaimant or plaintiff waived the jury
Summary judgment motions filed by defendants in their capacity as cross-claimants or counterclaimants were not treated as defense summary judgment motions.
at 27-28 (noting that legal commentators and some district courts have declined to construe [section] 1367(b) as barring supplemental jurisdiction of reactive claims by plaintiffs as counterclaimants or third-party claimants).