The chest is opened by removing the sternum with cartilaginous rib ends, taking care to sample the costochondral
junction (fifth rib) for histologic analysis.
75% of chest wall chondrosarcomas arise from the costochondral
junction between the ribs and sternum as was observed in our case.
44) Other procedures beyond the scope of this paper include the costochondral
allograft interposition, (45) based on Littler's "life saver" technique, and the weaves described by Weilby, (46) and Sigfusson and Lundborg.
She had costochondral
and diffuse abdominal tenderness and ecchymoses at intramuscular injection sites (antiemetics).
MASES is an index that assesses enthesitis in certain domains, such as costochondral
joint (relating to or joining a rib and costal cartilage), iliac spine and Achilles tendons.
Second rib: Bilateral, at the second costochondral
junctions, just lateral to the junctions on upper surfaces.
6) Notable gross pathologic findings in patients with ML II include Hurler-like facial features, gingival and tongue hypertrophy, dermal nodules, a short neck and thoracic cage, knoblike costochondral
junctions, a thick pericardium, cardiomegaly, rigid and retracted valves, and lipid plaques in the aorta and major arteries.
Poly(hydroxyortho esters) such as polyglycolic acid (PGA), polylactic acid (PLA), and their copolymers have been used for three dimensional culture and transplantation of articular, auricular, nasal, costochondral
, tracheal, and intervertebral disk, chondrocytes.
Trietze's syndrome is pain at the costochondral
junctions and commonly presents as mastalgia.
In contrast, success rates with various autogenous tissues used for the same application were 13% to 31% for temporalis grafts, 8% for dermis grafts, 25% for conchal cartilage grafts, 12% for costochondral
grafts, and 21% for sternoclavicular grafts.
However, Durr et al (9) reported on 10 patients (15 TMJs) with bony ankylosis surgically managed with either costochondral
grafts, gap arthroplasty, or debridement of heterotopic bone and treated early postoperatively with radiation, 10 Gy in five fractions.
Magnets are also used to stimulate autogenous costochondral
grafts for the treatment of hemifacial microsomia and the appliance is known as Propellant Unilateral Magnetic Appliance, PUMA (44).