costiveness


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constipation

 [kon″stĭ-pa´shun]
1. a change in normal bowel habits with decreased frequency of defecation or passage of hard dry feces.
2. a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a decrease in frequency of defecation or passage of hard, dry feces.

Although many persons may experience a sense of incomplete evacuation of the colon and become concerned when daily bowel movements do not occur, the frequency of defecation can vary according to individual characteristics such as body build, level of physical activity, dietary habits, and custom. Constipation can be said to exist when a person reports a frequency of bowel elimination that is less than his or her usual pattern or when defecation occurs less than three times a week, stools are hard and well-formed and possibly less than the usual amount, straining at stool occurs regularly, and the person experiences headache, abdominal pain, a feeling of fullness in the abdomen or rectum, and either diminished appetite or nausea. Objective signs of constipation include discovery of a palpable mass in the abdomen and decreased bowel sounds.
Etiology. Constipation can result from a variety of causes. Such habits of daily living as lack of exercise, insufficient intake of water and dietary bulk, and chronic use of laxatives and enemas can contribute to the development of constipation. Other etiologic factors include neurologic, metabolic, and endocrine disorders such as stroke, spinal cord injury, and hypothyroidism; pain on defecation; decreased peristalsis related to aging or cardiopulmonary hypoxia; and the side-effects of some drugs.
Patient Care. Unless there is a demonstrable organic disorder causing constipation, regular bowel elimination is largely a matter of habit. Stress, tension, failure to take the time to defecate when the urge is felt, and insufficient fluid intake can all contribute to the problem. Among the goals of intervention are encouraging regular bowel function by adhering to healthful habits of diet and exercise, and developing an awareness of the need to establish a regular routine of elimination. For some people this may mean a change in lifestyle that entails addition of dietary fiber and regular physical exercise. For others it may be necessary to develop a more rational approach to the problem. Excessive concern over constipation and frequent use of laxatives can be as harmful as deliberately ignoring the need for regular elimination.

For those patients who have constipation related to an organic disease, a bowel training program may be appropriate.
perceived constipation a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the making by an individual of a self-diagnosis of constipation, and abuse of laxatives, enemas, and suppositories to ensure a daily bowel movement.

con·sti·pa·tion

(kon'sti-pā'shŭn),
A condition in which bowel movements are infrequent or incomplete.
Synonym(s): costiveness
[L. con-stipo, pp. -atus, to press together]

costiveness

Patient discussion about costiveness

Q. treatment for constipation

A. you can also try colace,its an over the counter product

Q. How Do You Treat Constipation? I have been suffering from constipation in the last week and it is very disturbing. Are there any ways to treat it?

A. I found that I was lacking in magnesium. I take Magnesium Citrate tablets - up to 400 mg. Regulate it yourself if you get diarrhia take less.
Here is a good article on the need for Magnesium...
Lawrence Resnick, M.D., a professor of medicine at Cornell Medical Center urges getting at least 1 milligram of magnesium for each 2mg of calcium.
http://www.usaweekend.com/02_issues/020901/020901eatsmart.html

Q. How to help with constipation? I am 15 weeks pregnant and am suffering from constipation. How can I get rid of it?

A. rty benefiber ,there no taste ,mixes with water,and is healthy

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