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surgery in which the principal purpose is to improve the appearance.
Surgery performed to enhance the appearance of a body part, especially on the face. Also called aesthetic surgery.
Techniques Abrasion, injection—e.g., botox, collagen, fat, silicone—tightening, tucking
Nearly 6.6 million people underwent CS in 2002
Top 5 surgical cosmetic procedures, 2002 Nose reshaping—350K; liposuction—283K; breast augmentation—237K; eyelid surgery—231K; facelift—118K
Top 5 non-surgical cosmetic procedures, 2002 Botox® injection—1,123K; chemical peel—920K; microdermabrasion—901K; laser hair removal—588K; sclerotherapy—512K
Gender Women, > 5.6 million—85%; Men 1 million—15%
Cf Plastic surgery
cosmetic surgeryEsthetic surgery Plastic surgery designed to sculpt an Adonis or Venus from lumps of mortal clay; CS techniques include chemical peels, dermabrasion, facial sculpturing, fat injections, liposuction, silicon implants; nearly 6.6 million people had CS in 2002, per the Am Society of Plastic Surgeons–ASPS, a decline of 12% from 2001, due to the highest unemployment rate in 8 yrs; CS procedures remained stable with a 1% increase in 2002, according to ASPS statistics, with > 1.6 million people having procedures; non-surgical cosmetic procedures decreased 15% to 4.9 million in 2002; Botox® surged to the top cosmetic procedure, due to its 2002 FDA approval for cosmetic use; >1.1 million people chose to have Botox®, an ↑ of 31% over 2001; the top 5 surgical cosmetic procedures in 2002 were nose reshaping–354,327, liposuction–282,876, breast augmentation–236,888, eyelid surgery–230,672, facelift–117,831 Top 5 non-surgical cosmetic procedures, 2002 Botox® injection–1,123,510, chemical peel–920,340, microdermabrasion–900,912, laser hair removal–587,540, sclerotherapy–511,827 Gender ♀ represent most Pts; > 5.6 million ♀ –85% and nearly 1 million ♂–15% had cosmetic plastic surgery in 2002; the top 5 surgical cosmetic procedures for in 2002 were breast augmentation–236,888, liposuction–230,079, nose reshaping–209,123, eyelid surgery–186,522 and facelift–105,850; the top 5 non-surgical cosmetic procedures for ♀ were Botox® injection–991,114, chemical peel–771,542, microdermabrasion–771,314, sclerotherapy–495,610 and laser hair removal–484,787; the top 5 surgical cosmetic procedures for ♂ in 2002 were nose reshaping–145,204, liposuction–52,797, eyelid surgery–44,150, hair transplantation–26,501 and ear surgery–21,316; the top 5 non-surgical cosmetic procedures for ♂ were chemical peel–148,798, Botox® injection–132,396, microdermabrasion–129,598, laser hair removal–102,753 and collagen injection–41,193 Age The 35–50 age group made up 45 % of all CS Pts with 2.9 million people choosing CS; liposuction was the number one cosmetic procedure for this age category with 141,186 patients and Botox® injection topped the non-surgical cosmetic procedures for this age group with 610,226 people; the 19–34 age group had 1.6 million and 24% of the cosmetic total in 2002. Breast augmentation was the number one surgical cosmetic procedure with 126,643 people, and microdermabrasion was the top non-surgical cosmetic procedure for this age group with 253,016 people; the 51-64 age group had 1.4 million people, representing 22 percent of all cosmetic surgery patients in 2002; eyelid surgery was the number one surgical cosmetic procedure with 104,859 people, and Botox® injection topped the non-surgical cosmetic procedures for this age group with 272,592 people; the 65 and over category made up 6 percent of the overall cosmetic plastic surgery population with 396,993 people in 2002. The number one surgical cosmetic procedure was eyelid surgery with 37,790 people and chemical peel was the top non-surgical cosmetic procedure for this age group with 76,163 people; the age category with the least patients was the 18 or younger group with 223,673 people–3% of all cosmetic surgery patients in 2002. Nose reshaping was the number one surgical cosmetic procedure and chemical peel was the top non-surgical cosmetic procedure with 51,734 people; ASPS 2002 statistics www.plasticsurgery.org/news_room/index.cfm. See Plastic surgery.
cos·met·ic sur·ge·ry(koz-met'ik sŭr'jĕr-ē)
Operative procedure in which the principal purpose is to improve the appearance, usually with the connotation that the improvement sought is beyond the normal appearance, and its acceptable variations, for the age and the ethnic origin of the patient.
cosmetic surgeryA branch of plastic surgery devoted to the improvement or alteration of the human appearance. Cosmetic operations include those on the nose (rhinoplasty), the ears (otoplasty), the chin (mentoplasty) and the breasts (augmentation or reduction mammoplasty). See also PLASTIC SURGERY.
cos·met·ic sur·ge·ry(koz-met'ik sŭr'jĕr-ē)
Operative procedure in which the principal purpose is to improve the appearance, usually with the connotation that the improvement sought is beyond the normal appearance, and its acceptable variations, for the age and physical state of the patient.
1. beautifying; tending to preserve, restore, or confer comeliness.
2. a beautifying substance or preparation.
see cosmetic surgery (below).
an artificial device, molded in the shape of a phthisic globe, and permanently placed over that globe to produce an improved appearance.
surgery carried out purely to enhance the appearance of the animal. When it is for the purpose of enhancing or disguising its appearance in the show ring, this is considered unethical. The animal is not in a position to judge or to express an opinion and the question of beauty is adjudicated by the owner. Because animal fashions have sometimes tended to the bizarre there has been a marked turn in public opinion against cosmetic operations which are seen by some as unwarranted mutilations.
1. that branch of veterinary science which treats diseases, injuries and deformities by manual or operative methods.
2. the place in a hospital, or doctor's or dentist's office where surgery is performed.
3. in some countries a room or office where a veterinarian sees and treats patients.
4. the work performed by a surgeon.
basic surgery kit
the collection of instruments, wrapped, sterilized and ready for use in the majority of uncomplicated surgical procedures. The choice of instruments may vary from one surgeon to another, but generally there are tissue forceps, thumb forceps, sponge forceps, hemostats, towel clamps, scalpel handle and needle holder. Scissors and needles may be added after cold sterilization.
surgery performed on an organ that has been removed from the body, after which it is reimplanted.
cold steel surgery
that performed with traditional cutting instruments; to distinguish from cryosurgical and electrosurgical methods.
performed to improve the appearance, or change the appearance, of the animal; surgery that is not necessary for the health of the animal. Other than ear cropping and tail docking, where performed, generally discouraged or considered unethical for animals as it is usually done for purposes of improving their appearance in the show ring or to disguise traits that might be heritable.
surgery carried out at a time convenient to client and surgeon. The opposite of emergency surgery. Distinctly different to cosmetic surgery.
that carried out as part of a planned experimental protocol, usually on animals selected specifically for the purpose and which are often sacrificed afterwards. Increasingly, use of animals in this way is under the control of institutional or governmental authorities.
that concerned with the restoration, reconstruction, correction or improvement in the shape and appearance of body structures that are defective, damaged or misshapen by injury, disease or anomalous growth and development.
transplanting of tissues or organs from another host. Not commonly undertaken in veterinary surgery.
see veterinary surgery.