cortical dysplasia


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cor·ti·cal dys·pla·si·a

a malformative disorganization of the cytoarchitecture of the cortex relative to neurons.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our patient was a 32-year-old male, non-hypertensive, non-diabetic, who fulfilled five major criteria (facial angiofibromas, periungual fibromas, ash leaf spots, cortical dysplasia, subependymal nodules (SEN), renal angiomyolipomas) of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) as per diagnostic criteria of the 2012 International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Consensus Conference (Box 1).
2 The typical characteristics of isolated hemimegalencephaly (iHME) include ipsilateral severe cortical dysplasia or dysgenesis, white matter hypertrophy and a dilated and dysmorphic lateral ventricle.
sup][27] However, abnormal operculization on prenatal imaging does not systematically reflect the underlying cortical dysplasia.
Abnormalities of gyration, heterotopias, tuberous sclerosis, focal cortical dysplasia, microdysgenesis, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour and dysgenesis of the archicortex in epilepsy.
Hypopigmented lesions, cortical dysplasia, rabdomyomas, subependymal nodules were detected as major findings and renal cysts as minor findings and TS was diagnosed.
The main causes of epilepsy in children are cortical malformations (hemimegalencephaly, cortical dysplasia, lissencephaly, etc.
html) from cortical dysplasia , a rare neurological disorder.
After 17 years of her seizure onset, her thin section cranial MRI revealed right parietal cortical dysplasia.
There are therefore certain conditions, such as focal cortical dysplasia and dysembryoplastic neuro-epithelial tumours, which are known to be mostly refractory to anti-epileptic drugs, where an argument can be made to perform the respective surgery as soon as a diagnosis is made, especially if the lesion is in a non-eloquent area, such as the medial temporal lobe in the right hemisphere.
The six cases treated had to do with mesial temporal sclerosis, right temporal cystic lesion, right temporal cavernoma, and cortical dysplasia, he said, noting that patients suffering from epilepsy are treated in stages.
High-resolution 3D sequences and T2 FLAIR (FLuid Attenuated Inversion Recovery) images increase the sensitivity to subtle cortical dysplasia and other abnormalities, including neoplasms.
Jude has cortical dysplasia, a congenital brain abnormality which has resulted in severe and complex epilepsy and learning disabilities.