cortical blindness


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cor·ti·cal blind·ness

loss of sight due to an organic lesion in the visual cortex.

cortical blindness

n.
Loss of sight due to an organic lesion in the visual cortex.

cortical blindness

[kôr′tikəl]
Etymology: L, cortex + AS, blind
loss of vision that results from a lesion in the visual center of the cerebral cortex of the brain.

cor·ti·cal blind·ness

(kōr'ti-kăl blīnd'nĕs)
Loss of sight due to an organic lesion in the visual cortex.

blindness

lack or loss of ability to see. Diagnosed in an animal on the absence of a menace reflex, walking into obstructions and failure to indicate awareness of a soundless movement in its visual field, e.g. a falling cotton ball or feather.

Appaloosa night blindness
bright blindness
toxic retinopathy in sheep grazing bracken; characterized by blindness, dilated pupils, poor pupillary light reflex, retinal degeneration.
central blindness
due to a lesion of the optic cortex; the pupillary light reflex still functions. Called also cortical blindness.
cortical blindness
see central blindness (above).
day blindness
defective vision in bright light. See also hemeralopia.
inherited congenital blindness
occurs in a number of breeds of cattle in which there are several defects in the eyes including irideremia, microphakia, ectopia lentis and cataract.
night blindness
failure or imperfection of vision in conditions of diminished illumination; a characteristic of progressive retinal atrophy.
peripheral blindness
blindness due to a lesion in the optical apparatus peripheral to the optical cortex, including lesions in the optic chiasma, optic nerve, retina, anterior and posterior chambers, lens and cornea. With the exception of obvious lesions in the eyeball this is characterized by dilatation of the pupil and absence of the pupillary light reflex.
References in periodicals archive ?
3,5) Among previous cases of cortical blindness with documented CYA levels, 77% were more than 300 ng/ml, and 64% were more than 400 ng/ml (Table l).
52 mmol/L) was found among previous cases of cortical blindness (Table l).
Definitive treatment of CYA-induced cortical blindness involves reduction or discontinuance of CYA therapy.
Risk factors for CYA-induced cortical blindness should be aggressively sought and corrected.
Cortical blindness secondary to cyclosporine after orthotopic heart transplantation: A ease report and review of the literature.
Transient cortical blindness and occipital seizures with cyclosporine toxicity.
Cyclosporin A-induced reversible cortical blindness.
Reversible cyclosporine-induced cortical blindness in allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients.
Reversible cortical blindness and convulsions with cyclosporin A toxicity in a patient undergoing allogeneic peripheral stem cell transplantation.