corpus

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corpus

 [kor´pus] (pl. cor´pora) (L.)
body.
corpus al´bicans white fibrous tissue that replaces the regressing corpus luteum in the human ovary in the latter half of pregnancy, or soon after ovulation when pregnancy does not supervene.
corpus amygdaloi´deum amygdaloid body.
cor´pora amyla´cea small hyaline masses of degenerate cells found in the prostate, neuroglia, and other sites.
corpus callo´sum an arched mass of white matter in the depths of the longitudinal fissure, made up of transverse fibers connecting the cerebral hemispheres.
corpus caverno´sum either of the two columns of erectile tissue forming the body of the penis or clitoris.
corpus fimbria´tum a band of white matter bordering the lateral edge of the lower cornu of the lateral ventricle of the brain.
corpus genicula´tum see geniculate bodies, lateral, and geniculate bodies, medial.
corpus hemorrha´gicum
1. an ovarian follicle containing blood.
2. a corpus luteum containing a blood clot.
3. a blood clot formed in the cavity left by rupture of a graafian follicle.
corpus lu´teum a yellow glandular mass in the ovary formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum; see also ovulation.
corpus mammilla´re mamillary body.
cor´pora quadrige´mina four rounded eminences on the posterior surface of the mesencephalon.
corpus spongio´sum pe´nis a column of erectile tissue forming the urethral surface of the penis, in which the urethra is found.
corpus ster´ni body of sternum.
corpus stria´tum a subcortical mass of gray matter and white matter in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere.
corpus u´teri that part of the uterus above the isthmus and below the orifices of the fallopian tubes.

cor·pus

, gen.

cor·po·ris

, pl.

cor·po·ra

(kōr'pŭs, -pōr-is, -pōr-ă), [TA] The plural of this word is corpora, not corpi.
1.
See also: body, diaphysis, soma. Synonym(s): body (1)
2. Any body or mass.
See also: body, diaphysis, soma.
3. The main part of an organ or other anatomic structure, as distinguished from the head or tail.
See also: body, diaphysis, soma.
[L. body]

corpus

/cor·pus/ (kor´pus) pl. cor´pora   [L.] body.
corpus adipo´sum buc´cae  sucking pad.
corpus al´bicans  white fibrous tissue that replaces the regressing corpus luteum in the human ovary in the latter half of pregnancy, or soon after ovulation when pregnancy does not supervene.
corpus amygdaloi´deum  a small mass of subcortical gray matter within the tip of the temporal lobe, anterior to the inferior horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain; it is part of the limbic system.
cor´pora amyla´cea  small hyaline masses, of unknown pathologic significance and occurring more commonly with advancing age, derived from degenerate cells or thickened secretions and found in the prostate, neuroglia, and pulmonary alveoli.
cor´pora bige´mina  two bodies in the brain of the human fetus that later split to become the corpora quadrigemina.
corpus callo´sum  an arched mass of white matter in the depths of the longitudinal fissure, composed of transverse fibers connecting the cerebral hemispheres.
corpus caverno´sum  either of the columns of erectile tissue forming the body of the clitoris (c. cavernosum clitoridis) or penis (c. cavernosum penis) .
c. cilia´re  ciliary body; the thickened part of the vascular tunic of the eye connecting the choroid and iris.
corpus hemorrha´gicum  a blood clot formed in the cavity left by the mature ovarian follicle after its rupture during ovulation.
corpus lu´teum  a yellow glandular mass in the ovary, formed by an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its oocyte.
cor´pora quadrige´mina  four rounded eminences on the posterior surface of the mesencephalon.
corpus spongio´sum pe´nis  a column of erectile tissue forming the urethral surface of the penis, in which the urethra is found.
corpus stria´tum  a subcortical mass of gray and white substance in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere.
corpus u´teri  body of uterus: that part of the uterus above the isthmus and below the orifices of the uterine tubes.
corpus vi´treum  the vitreous body of the eye.

corpus

(kôr′pəs)
n. pl. cor·pora (-pər-ə)
1. A large collection of writings of a specific kind or on a specific subject.
2. A collection of writings or recorded remarks used for linguistic analysis.
3. Economics
a. The capital or principal amount, as of an estate or trust.
b. The principal of a bond.
4. Anatomy
a. The main part of a bodily structure or organ.
b. A distinct bodily mass or organ having a specific function.
5. The overall length of a violin.

corpus

See body.

cor·pus

, pl. corpora (kōr'pŭs, kōr'pōr-a) [TA]
1. Synonym(s): body.
2. Any body or mass.
3. The main part of an organ or other anatomic structure, as distinguished from the head or caudal region.
See also: body, shaft, soma
[L. body]

corpus

a body.

cor·pus

, pl. corpora (kōr'pŭs, -pōr-ă) [TA] The plural of this word is corpora, not corpi.
1. Synonym(s): body (1) .
2. Any body or mass.
3. The main part of an organ or other anatomic structure, as distinguished from the head or tail.

corpus

pl. corpora [L.] body.

accessory corpus lutea
the corpora lutea which develop during early pregnancy in the mare and which follow the subsidence of the first corpus luteum.
corpus albicans, corpora albicantia
white fibrous tissue that replaces the regressing corpus luteum in the ovary in the latter half of pregnancy.
corpus amygdaloideum
a small mass of subcortical gray matter within the tip of the temporal lobe, anterior to the temporal horn of the lateral ventricle of the brain; it is part of the limbic system.
corpus amylacea
small hyaline masses of degenerate cells found in the prostate, thyroid, neuroglia and milk where they may be sufficient in a cow to block the teat sinus. They are formed by stasis of milk flow in a duct and inspissation of the fluids. Subsequently they may become detached and find their way to the teat.
corpus atreticum
scar in the ovary produced by atresia of a follicle when late in its development.
corpus callosum
an arched mass of white matter in the depths of the longitudinal fissure of the brain, and made up of transverse fibers connecting the cerebral hemispheres.
corpus callosum agenesis
all or part of the corpus may be absent and there may be additional associated defects.
corpus cavernosum clitoridis
one of the pair of erectile bodies of the clitoris.
corpus cavernosum penis
either of the two columns of erectile tissue forming the body of the penis or clitoris. See also corpus cavernosum penis.
corpus cavernosum penis rupture
common in bulls occurring during mating; commonly at the distal bend of the sigmoid flexure; result in hematoma and subsequent adhesions with inability to protrude the penis properly or angulation of the penis.
corpus cavernosum urethrae
see corpus spongiosum penis.
corpus fimbriatum
a band of white matter bordering the lateral edge of the temporal cornu of the lateral ventricle of the brain.
corpus geniculatum
see geniculate body lateral, and geniculate body medial.
corpus hemorrhagicum
1. an ovarian follicle, especially one freshly ruptured, containing blood.
2. a corpus luteum containing a blood clot.
corpus luteum
a progesterone-secreting yellow glandular mass in the ovary formed from the wall of an ovarian follicle that has matured and discharged its ovum. See also ovulation. In most animals that do not conceive the corpus luteum regresses quickly and a new follicle develops. The corpus luteum may be retained when there is uterine pathology which mimics pregnancy; no new follicle develops and the cow fails to come into heat. Called also retained corpus luteum. A similar clinical picture is observed with cystic corpora lutea.
corpus spongiosum penis
see corpus spongiosum penis.
corpus striatum
a subcortical mass of gray and white substance in front of and lateral to the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere.
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