coronary heart disease


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coronary

 [kor´ah-nar-e]
encircling in the manner of a crown; said of anatomical structures such as vessels, ligaments, or nerves.
coronary arteries two large arteries that branch from the ascending aorta and supply all of the heart muscle with blood (see also table of arteries).
 A view of the coronary arterial system. The arteries serving the posterior aspect of the myocardium are shown here in a lighter shade.
coronary artery disease (CAD) atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which may cause angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Both genetically determined and avoidable risk factors contribute to the disease; they include hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and low levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL).
coronary heart disease (CHD) ischemic heart disease.
coronary occlusion the occlusion, or closing off, of a coronary artery, usually caused by a narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels by the plaques of atherosclerosis. Sometimes a plaque may rupture and release vasoactive or thrombogenic substances that lead to clot formation. If there is adequate collateral circulation to the heart muscle at the time of the occlusion, there may be little or no damage to the myocardial cells. When occlusion is complete, however, with no blood being supplied to an area of the myocardium, myocardial infarction results.

coronary heart disease

coronary heart disease

A general term for any disease affecting the coronary arteries, in particular atherosclerosis.

Risk factors
Hypertension, smoking and high cholesterol.

Management
Lifestyle and related medical therapy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore if shorter height is directly connected with increased risk of coronary heart disease one would expect that these variants would also be associated with coronary heart disease and this is precisely what we found.
FACTFILE NUMBER of deaths from coronary heart disease per 100,000 of the population, from 2009 to 2011.
A total of sixty male coronary heart disease individuals completed the one stage examination and a response rate of 100% was obtained.
More studies are required to understand whether dietary saturated fat is associated with coronary heart disease or not.
Statewide, the report shows California has already achieved national goals for 2010 for increasing breast-feeding and decreasing lung cancer, and is well on its way to achieving goals for reducing the incidence of measles and deaths due to coronary heart disease and female breast cancer.
OUTCOMES MEASURED The primary outcome measure was the rate of coronary heart disease, defined as acute myocardial infarction requiring overnight hospitalization, silent myocardial infarction determined from serial electrocardiograms, or coronary heart disease death.
After evaluating chromium levels in 407 men who developed coronary heart disease over a five-year period, a significant relationship was found between overweight men with low chromium levels and an increase in the incidence of coronary heart disease; including fatal and non-fatal myocardial infarction (heart attack).
It's been implicated in diseases ranging from coronary heart disease to diabetes.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) contributes substantially to illness and death worldwide.
In another study, proneness to anger was associated with significant risk of morbidity and death from coronary heart disease independent of biological risk factors.