coronary heart disease


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coronary

 [kor´ah-nar-e]
encircling in the manner of a crown; said of anatomical structures such as vessels, ligaments, or nerves.
coronary arteries two large arteries that branch from the ascending aorta and supply all of the heart muscle with blood (see also table of arteries).
 A view of the coronary arterial system. The arteries serving the posterior aspect of the myocardium are shown here in a lighter shade.
coronary artery disease (CAD) atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which may cause angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Both genetically determined and avoidable risk factors contribute to the disease; they include hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and low levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL).
coronary heart disease (CHD) ischemic heart disease.
coronary occlusion the occlusion, or closing off, of a coronary artery, usually caused by a narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels by the plaques of atherosclerosis. Sometimes a plaque may rupture and release vasoactive or thrombogenic substances that lead to clot formation. If there is adequate collateral circulation to the heart muscle at the time of the occlusion, there may be little or no damage to the myocardial cells. When occlusion is complete, however, with no blood being supplied to an area of the myocardium, myocardial infarction results.

coronary heart disease

coronary heart disease

A general term for any disease affecting the coronary arteries, in particular atherosclerosis.

Risk factors
Hypertension, smoking and high cholesterol.

Management
Lifestyle and related medical therapy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore if shorter height is directly connected with increased risk of coronary heart disease one would expect that these variants would also be associated with coronary heart disease and this is precisely what we found.
Tobacco is known to be a significant contributory factor in coronary heart disease, so it is encouraging that the number of people in the region who smoke is gradually decreasing.
Sueoka reported that at 4 years, 100 of the men (14%) suffered an incident coronary heart disease event.
The estimated increase in coronary heart disease related to the increased consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages would have generated an additional $300-$500 million in health care costs between 2000 and 2010.
Previous studies have shown people with type-two diabetes and people with coronary heart disease have high levels of oxidative stress.
Accumulated evidence on fish consumption and coronary heart disease mortality: a meta-analysis of cohort studies.
National statistics since 2000 have revealed that Walsall has one of the highest rates of coronary heart disease in the country.
Long-term effectiveness and safety of pravastatin in 9014 patients with coronary heart disease and average cholesterol concentrations: The LIPID trial follow-up.
It's been implicated in diseases ranging from coronary heart disease to diabetes.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) contributes substantially to illness and death worldwide.
Adding these plant extracts to a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, can be one more weapon against coronary heart disease, which still kills more people than any other disease.
The free two-hour session, entitled Reducing Coronary Heart Disease in Coventry, will focus on local initiatives in physical activity and healthy eating.