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The preparation of comestibles by heating. In meats, overcooking can result in the production of carcinogenic polycyclic amines; undercooking carries the risk of parasitic (e.g., Taenia solium, T saginatus) or bacterial (e.g., Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Salmonella spp) infections.


[L. coquere, to cook]
The process of heating foods to prepare them for eating. Cooking makes most foods more palatable and easier to chew, improves their digestibility (and sometimes their nutrient bioavailability), and destroys or inactivates harmful organisms, or toxins that may be present. Cooking releases the aromatic substances and extractives that contribute odors and taste to foods. These odors help to stimulate the appetite.


Not all toxic substances are inactivated by heat. Most microorganisms and parasites are destroyed in the ordinary process of cooking when the food is heated to internal temperatures of 160°F to 175°F. Pork must be cooked completely throughout to kill the encysted larvae of Trichinella.


Protein: Soluble proteins become coagulated. Soluble substances: These, including heat-labile vitamins, are often inactivated by boiling, and even mineral substances and starches, although insoluble to a certain extent, may be altered in this process. Starch: The starch granules swell and are changed from insoluble (raw) starch to soluble starch capable of being converted into sugar during digestion and of being assimilated in the system.

References in periodicals archive ?
While noodles are cooking, shred chicken into bite-sized pieces.
But the pay-off comes in time, when the oils and fats used in cooking polymerize to form a natural non-stick barrier.
Cooking instruction for men throughout the 1920s and 1930s used language that was much more virile and promoted the general superiority of men in the kitchen.
Flames will increase the cooking temperature much higher than radiant heat and produce at least ten times as many HCAs," says Felton.
com is the realization of Kathy's personal dream to find a new way of getting people living on packaged food and fast food back into their kitchens and cooking for themselves.
Coat a 5-quart slow cooker with butter-flavor cooking spray; set aside.
The Asian variety has a looser head, and includes bok choy, a favorite in Eastern cooking.
The increasing use of processed and packaged foods was perhaps the most significant aspect of postwar cooking.
Although Miss Mary Bobo's no longer boards travelers, it continues to offer a unique dining experience along with country cooking and Southern hospitality worthy of applause.
On Thanksgiving Day, start cooking the unwrapped frozen (unstuffed) turkey in a preheated 325-degree F oven, but you'll need to add 50 percent more cooking time to the original times on the roasting chart.
There is no truth to the rumor that you need to add oil to cooking pasta.
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