contracted braille


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contracted braille

A version of braille in which abbreviations, contractions and other short forms of words are used in addition to the use of the standard alphabet and standard punctuation marks.
See also: braille
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Despite the meager budgets of nonprofit agencies, school districts, and rehabilitation entities in recent years, the tuition-free alphabetic and contracted braille courses offered by Hadley serve an important population segment within the blindness field as well as the blindness community (that is, people who are blind or visually impaired).
Table 1 Survey response attrition rates for alphabetic and contracted braille courses for fiscal years 2010 to 2011, 2011 to 2012, and 2012 to 2013.
EI/I (35%/55%) W4: Write single sentences of approximately 10 words in contracted braille using a Perkins brailler.
Reading: It is extremely important that a beginning teacher of braille be able to proofread (that is, find errors) a passage of approximately 200 words using elementary-level vocabulary written in contracted braille with no more than one error.
Reading: It is extremely important that a beginning teacher of braille be able to interline (write the print for) a passage of approximately 200 words using elementary-level vocabulary written in contracted braille with no more than one error.
Rated as extremely important were the use of correct formatting and the transcription of the alphabet using the Perkins Braillewriter, single sentences of approximately 10 words, and passages of up to 299 words in contracted braille.
However, despite the value they placed on literacy and braille, less than 10% of the parents reported that they were proficient enough to read contracted braille.
Many of these parents also indicated that they knew some contracted braille.
On the basis of the clinical tryout of test items and the telephone interviews, the final test items were selected in contracted braille for the exploratory study.
The project was originally conceived as a longitudinal research study to compare the reading outcomes of students whose teachers taught them to read using one of two methods: uncontracted braille or contracted braille.
Effective teaching strategies: Case studies from the Alphabetic Braille and Contracted Braille Study.
A history of instructional methods in uncontracted and contracted braille.