social contract

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social contract

Medical practice The implied understanding between physician and Pt that the former provides the best possible care in a truthful and timely fashion, in exchange for the latter's trust. See Doctor-patient relationship.
References in periodicals archive ?
The volume of essays had its origin in a conference on contractarianism held in Wales in 1993, and eleven of the fourteen authors are lecturers in politics at British universities.
Bracketing the possibility that the social contract should exist among all persons regardless of their states, (47) Nussbaum considers this result to reflect a major problem for social contractarianism.
For some of the most important criticisms of Rawls's theory and hypothetical contractarianism more generally, see NOZICK, supra note 66, at 183-231; MICHAEL J.
He shows how liberal contractarianism can be animated by a distinctive conception of practical reason that contrasts with a narrower Hobbesian conception.
Contractarianism can be made to seem arbitrary and silly: consider, for instance, the suggestion that long, long ago our remote ancestors made this deal, see, and from that day to this everyone has had to go along with it
I will argue that while Narveson is more aware of the problem of morality's authority than most, and takes pains to address it through his contractarianism, his response is nevertheless not entirely successful.
80) Nor does contractarianism work if the social contract is either surreal(81) or involves assumptions that seem counterintuitive or counter-rational, as in John Rawls' hypothetical original position.
Rule Utilitarianism or Rawlsian contractarianism, intuitionistic theories are not catechistic: they seek to explain our moral knowledge rather than to prescribe rules that we ought consciously follow.
For contractarianism, a key element in self-respect is personal autonomy.
The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy.
of Wisconsin) has made sure to cover the standard topics of the day, consequentialism, deontology, contractarianism, and virtue ethics, but has also sought to include areas that are less common in sections on moral standing, moral responsibility, moral knowledge, and works that question the very possibility of systematic ethics.
It is certainly all right to be critical of contractarianism.