social contract

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social contract

Medical practice The implied understanding between physician and Pt that the former provides the best possible care in a truthful and timely fashion, in exchange for the latter's trust. See Doctor-patient relationship.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rave, by contrast, argues that politicians are fiduciaries even on the contractarian account.
The contractarian view of the corporation casts corporate law in a
And that, on contractarian grounds, is to say that they have no case at all.
And contractarians can say that promise-breaking is wrong because it would be rational for us to agree to live by a set of rules that forbids it.
Recalling Sen's critique of the Contractarian school of social ethics, it is noteworthy that this form of universalism cannot be supported by the concept of the social contract because in that line of reasoning, the rights extend only to those who are party to the contract, i.
Contractarian scholars who are not strict utilitarians have
In this respect he joins a number of recent theorists--Albert Memmi, Martha Nussbaum, Michael Berube, Eva Kittay, and Alasdaire MacIntyre--for whom a consideration of dependency challenges the social contract as it has been conceived from Rousseau and Hume to Rawls and asks whether contractarian ideals can stand the test of differently abled bodies?
In the first part, while explaining the demands for justice, Sen discusses the prevailing theories of justice including the Contractarian approach, Adam Smith's 'Impartial Spectator'; and John Rawl's 'Justice as fairness'.
First, contra Osiel, it is plausible that human rights per se, as opposed to human rights legislation, do not have a contractarian basis, whether Rawlsian or otherwise.
Finally, Murphy has long been drawn to a Kantian approach to moral philosophy in general, a contractarian approach to political philosophy, and a retributive theory of punishment, yet he has concluded that a fairness/reciprocity remake of retributivism along Rawlsian lines will not work.
The fundamental theory of political legitimacy in the United States is contractarian, which implies originalist interpretation by the judicial branch.
Scholars may genuinely wonder whether Bill Clinton was a committed contractarian even if he regularly used contractarian language (e.